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Policing the Police 2020 (full documentary) | FRONTLINE

Race and Policing#George Floyd#Breonna Taylor#George Floyd protests#Black Lives Matter protests#Racism#Police brutality#Police accountability#Police violence#Reimagining policing#Public safety#Ras Baraka#Newark
270K views|3 years ago
💫 Short Summary

The video discusses George Floyd's death, systemic racism, and police reform efforts in Newark. It highlights police abuses, civilian oversight, consent decrees, and the impact of Vanita Gupta's investigations on law enforcement agencies. The segment also covers Jeff Sessions' stance on consent decrees, systemic issues in policing, and the use of force by officers. It explores the Newark police department's reforms, the effectiveness of body cameras, and public perception of police brutality cases. Discussions on defunding police, community interventions, and societal reform are featured, emphasizing the need for meaningful change in policing and addressing racial inequities.

✨ Highlights
📊 Transcript
The death of George Floyd and the subsequent protests against police brutality and racial injustice.
01:15
The video emphasizes the challenges faced by Black Americans, including the impact of COVID-19, poverty, incarceration, and police brutality.
It captures the unrest in the streets and the ongoing fight for justice and equality in the community.
The narrative underscores the urgent need for systemic change and accountability in law enforcement to address deep-rooted issues of racism and violence.
Newark, New Jersey, faced deep distrust between police and African Americans, stemming from a history of violence and discrimination.
03:03
The city was under scrutiny by the Department of Justice for abusive and discriminatory policing practices, including racial profiling and excessive force.
Newark became a testing ground for police reform, with mandated changes and the election of a mayor advocating for reform.
Journalist Jelani Cobb explores the city's efforts to improve policing.
Mayor Ras Baraka discusses his plans for change.
Discussion of transforming policing and advocating for civilian oversight in Newark.
05:40
Speaker recounts negative experiences as a Black individual during an activist retreat in Newark.
Emphasis on the need to change the relationship between police and the community.
Praise for Mayor Baraka's efforts in 2016 to push for civilian oversight through the city council.
Importance of taking action to address police abuses and create a more positive dynamic between law enforcement and the community.
Formation of civilian review board in a city plagued by violence raises concerns among police officers.
08:06
Police force focused on hunting for guns, drugs, and gang rivalries in a predominantly Black and Latino community.
Officers conducted field inquiries through stop and frisk tactics, reading body language for potential threats.
Exploration of decision-making process for stopping individuals and conducting field inquiries in high-crime areas.
Highlighting challenges faced by law enforcement in high-crime areas.
Discussion on police stops in Newark, focusing on stopping people without legal justification.
10:23
Conversation with a 13-year-old boy and his brother highlights concerns about police interactions.
Officers emphasize commitment to community safety and respecting constitutional rights despite criticism from the Department of Justice.
Dialogue explores officers' perspective on duty and relationship with the city, contrasting personal experiences with law enforcement.
Delving into complexities of policing and community relations in urban environments.
Discussion on police conduct and respecting citizens' rights during a police encounter.
12:22
Officers emphasize importance of going home safely and claim to respect individuals' rights.
Dialogue questions if normal interaction is possible after a gun is pointed, highlighting challenges of policing while respecting rights.
Officers confident in their methods despite critics, showcasing a specific stop where force is used to detain a person.
Police Stop and Racial Profiling Incident in Newark.
14:25
A man is stopped by the police while walking home and feels unfairly targeted.
The police accuse him of pushing away and running, suspecting he had a weapon.
The incident highlights larger issues in Newark, with DOJ investigators citing numerous uninvestigated allegations of police misconduct, particularly against Black residents.
The Newark PD failed to properly address or document these incidents.
The importance of intelligence-led policing in targeting individuals of interest rather than random stops.
16:37
Emphasis on the issue of systemic racism within law enforcement and how targeting specific groups perpetuates racism.
Disbandment of a problematic gang unit and involvement of the Department of Justice to address systemic problems in police departments.
Exploration of historical context of congressional actions post-Rodney King incident, including granting DOJ authority to investigate and reform local police departments.
Vanita Gupta's leadership in the Civil Rights Division led to investigations into law enforcement agencies for civil rights violations and the implementation of reforms.
18:45
Reforms were enforced through consent decrees, effectively changing discriminatory policing practices and improving accountability.
A landmark settlement agreement was signed with the city of Albuquerque, showcasing the impact of the Justice Department's work.
The consent decree in Newark mandated significant changes such as new policies, officer training, and an overhaul of the disciplinary system.
Gupta's efforts have shown the potential for systemic reform in police departments across the nation.
Jeff Sessions opposes signing consent decrees that restrict police.
21:55
Christy Lopez believes consent decrees are necessary to prevent police rights violations.
Sessions pledges to support honest and honorable law enforcement officers.
Critics fear Sessions' stance may harm black and Latinx communities.
Debate continues on the impact of Sessions' approach on police conduct and civil rights.
Systemic issues in policing and the presence of 'bad apple' officers.
24:51
Lack of accountability and systemic deficiencies allow harmful officers to remain on police forces.
Public frustration and protests follow incidents of police violence.
Calls for defunding or abolishing the police as a response to these issues.
Emphasis on the need for reform and accountability within law enforcement for meaningful change to occur.
Impact of federal consent decree on police reform in Newark during Black Lives Matter movement.
28:18
Former New Jersey attorney general oversaw compliance with mandated reforms, reporting progress to federal judge quarterly.
Consent decree started in 2016 to enhance police practices and community relations.
Positive outcomes in Newark highlighted importance of federal intervention in protecting civil rights.
Ongoing reform efforts led to significant improvements in the city.
Newark police department has implemented stricter policies including body cameras and use of force over the past four years.
28:41
Extensive training has been introduced to help officers comply with new standards and has been effective in improving practices and opportunities.
Trust in the police has slightly increased according to surveys, but data also shows an increase in the frequency of police using force against Newark residents.
Rise in reported incidents of police use of force.
32:53
Emphasis on reporting all levels of force and subsequent review for disciplinary or training purposes.
Limitations of civilian oversight boards, particularly in Newark, due to legal constraints.
Lack of accountability in police brutality cases, highlighted by the Derek Chauvin case.
Discussion on the chilling indifference shown by Chauvin during George Floyd's murder.
Consequences of police brutality discussed, including loss of job, pension, and freedom if convicted.
34:51
Body-worn cameras used to address complaints against officers.
Debate on the justification of police interactions and the system that often exonerates officers.
Criticism of the current process and social media's impact on public perception.
Mention of the U.S. Supreme Court's guidelines on the use of force by officers in perceived threats to life.
Justification of Use of Force by Police Officers
36:12
Debate on the legality and moral alignment of police use of force.
Emphasis on the importance of positive interactions between law enforcement and the community.
Complexity of situations where force is necessary for gaining control.
Challenges faced by officers in scenarios requiring the use of force.
Intensified discussions on police reform and defunding in response to protests against police violence.
40:32
Congress proposals for clearer use of force standards face resistance, leading to stalled bills.
Newark's public safety director argues that disproportionate use of force against Black individuals reflects the reality of fighting crime.
Calls to divert police funding to social services gain traction as an alternative approach to addressing crime and violence in cities like Newark.
Newark mayor promotes public health approach to addressing violence.
42:14
Implemented Newark Community Street Team program utilizes former gang members to mediate conflicts and mentor youth.
Reduction in violence leads to decreased reliance on policing and improved community relations.
Street Team has grown to a 50-person organization and is key in city's strategy for community interventions.
The Newark Community Street Team's approach to preventing retaliation and violence in response to a double homicide.
43:51
Founder Sherrills, who has personal experience with violence, prioritizes healing over arrests in their work.
The team focuses on creating public safety and reducing harm through alternative approaches.
Improved relations with law enforcement have been a result of their work.
The team highlights the distinction between public safety and traditional policing, particularly in Black communities.
Importance of Public Safety for Black Communities
46:47
Emphasizes the need for a sense of well-being and trust-building with the police.
Newark Community Street Team praised for alternative policing approach.
Significant decrease in violent crime as a result of the program.
Success in reducing homicides and overall crime rates demonstrates effectiveness of community involvement and collaboration with law enforcement.
Importance of investing in police resources for bias-free policing, community engagement, and training.
48:13
Caution against defunding police departments without considering the costs of reforming them.
Police represent a larger system enforcing societal values, emphasizing the need for broader societal reform.
Highlighting the need to address issues like racial inequity and institutional biases beyond just police departments.
Lilley Report findings on racial inequities, education failures, and discrimination in Newark in 1967.
51:14
The report emphasized societal shortcomings and questioned the lack of action to address these issues.
50 years later, the same issues of racial inequities, education failures, and discrimination persist, highlighting the need for meaningful change and reform.
The conclusions of the report are still relevant today, pointing to systemic issues that continue to plague society.