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Noam Chomsky - The Purpose of Education (with subtitles)

Education (TV Genre)#Noam Chomsky (Author)#Philosophy (Field Of Study)
33K views|9 years ago
💫 Short Summary

In the video "Noam Chomsky on the Purpose of Education," Noam Chomsky discusses the two different concepts of education: one based on the Enlightenment's emphasis on individual inquiry and creativity, and the other focused on indoctrination and conformity. He also talks about the impact of technological advances on education, emphasizing the importance of having a well-constructed conceptual framework when using modern technology like the internet. Chomsky believes that education should prioritize cultivating the ability to seek what's significant and being willing to question and challenge assumptions, regardless of the tools and resources used. In this video, Noam Chomsky discusses the purpose of education and the impact of standardized testing. He argues that education should focus on cultivating free and creative individuals who can appreciate and contribute to cultural achievements, rather than just producing workers for economic growth. Chomsky emphasizes the importance of encouraging independent thinking and exploration in education, rather than prioritizing test scores and rote memorization.

✨ Highlights
📊 Transcript
The purpose of education is a matter of sharp differences, with one interpretation from the Enlightenment emphasizing inquiry and creativity, while the other emphasizes indoctrination and control.
00:00
The traditional Enlightenment interpretation views the highest goal in life as inquiry and creating, with the purpose of education being to help people learn how to learn on their own and determine their own achievements.
There is another concept of education that aims to indoctrinate and control young people from childhood, discouraging them from challenging existing frameworks.
There is a constant struggle in the educational system between training for passing tests and promoting creative inquiry and pursuit of interests.
02:32
Liberal internationalists have pushed for measures to turn the educational system towards more control, indoctrination, and vocational training.
The speaker believes that an educational system, including research institutions, should follow the Enlightenment tradition of encouraging challenge, questioning of authority, and the pursuit of alternatives.
There are powerful structures in society that prefer people to be indoctrinated and conform, but it is important for individuals in the educational system to make the choice to ask questions, be obedient, and not shake systems of power and authority.
05:30
The speaker believes that regardless of where individuals stand in the educational system, whether as students, teachers, or outsiders trying to shape it, they have the choice to influence the direction of the system.
There is a preference for conformity and obedience in society, but individuals can choose to challenge this preference.
Technological changes in communication and information have significantly impacted the nature of culture and society, but the speaker suggests that the impact is not as dramatic as the technological advances of a century ago.
06:23
Shifts in technology, such as the transition from a typewriter to a computer, are significant, but they are not as dramatic as historical changes like the introduction of plumbing.
The speaker views technology as neutral, similar to a hammer, and its impact depends on how it is used.
Technology, like the internet, is valuable for research if used with a clear framework and understanding of what to look for, but random exploration without a well-constructed conceptual apparatus can be meaningless.
08:03
The internet is valuable for research if the user has a clear framework that directs their search and helps them determine what is significant.
Simply exploring the internet without a clear understanding of what to look for can result in picking out random factoids that don't contribute to meaningful research.
Education, whether using computers and the internet or traditional tools, is about cultivating the capacity to seek what's significant and being willing to question whether you're on the right track.
Education is often discussed in terms of its economic value in creating human capital for growth, but the speaker finds this perspective to be strange.
11:52
There is a focus on whether education is a worthwhile investment for economic growth and creating human capital.
The value of education in creating better human beings and fostering technological and cultural progress
12:00
Society must decide if it wants free, creative, and independent individuals who can appreciate and contribute to cultural achievements.
The development of technology like computers and the internet was mostly funded and explored in the public sector, leading to scientific and cultural progress.
A lively cultural and educational system geared towards encouraging creativity and independence of thought is essential for technological and economic advancement.
Concerns about the increasing focus on passing exams in education
15:00
Education should not just be about increasing GDP, but about cultural enrichment and creating better human beings.
The current education system is shaping towards passing exams, which can be useful for evaluation but may not contribute much to actual learning and understanding.
Passing tests is not as significant as searching, inquiring, and pursuing topics that engage and excite students.
The importance of allowing students to explore and discover on their own
18:00
A sixth grade teacher shared an experience where a student was interested in exploring a topic but was told to focus on studying for a upcoming national exam.
Tests can be a useful educational tool for self-improvement and feedback, but they should not be the main focus of education.
Education should inspire students to discover, challenge, and master achievements on their own, as the ability to learn independently is crucial for lifelong learning.
💫 FAQs about This YouTube Video

1. What are the two different concepts of education discussed in the video?

The video discusses the traditional interpretation of education that values inquiry and creativity, and the modern approach that focuses on indoctrination and control.

2. How does Noam Chomsky describe the purpose of an educational system?

Noam Chomsky describes the purpose of an educational system as a means to help people learn how to inquire and create, and to search for the riches of the past, emphasizing the importance of individual learning and creativity.

3. What is the impact of technological changes on the educational system discussed in the video?

The video mentions the significant impact of technological changes on the educational system, emphasizing the neutral nature of technology and the importance of having a well-constructed conceptual framework to make the use of technology helpful.

4. How does Noam Chomsky characterize the shift in the nature of culture and society due to technological changes?

Noam Chomsky characterizes the shift in the nature of culture and society due to technological changes as a substantial growth in new technology of communication and information, highlighting the significance of the changes while also acknowledging more dramatic shifts in the past.

5. What does Noam Chomsky emphasize as the essence of education, regardless of the tools used such as computers and the internet?

Noam Chomsky emphasizes the essence of education as the cultivation of the capacity to seek what's significant and always be willing to question, whether using computers and the internet or traditional tools like pencil and paper.

6. What is the speaker's view on the purpose of education?

The speaker emphasizes the importance of education in encouraging creative exploration, independence of thought, and willingness to challenge accepted beliefs, rather than just focusing on passing exams and tests.

7. According to the video, where did the development of new technology like computers and the internet mostly take place?

The development of new technology like computers and the internet mostly took place in the public sector, with scientists and engineers exploring new possibilities in major laboratories.

8. How does the speaker believe teaching should be done to benefit students the most?

The speaker believes that teaching should focus on inspiring students to discover on their own, challenge their own beliefs, and master the achievements of the past, ultimately leading to the ability to learn on their own.