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Birth of the Cartoons: The Early History of American Animation | Animation/Propaganda

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💫 Short Summary

American animation originated from newspaper comic strips, evolving through pioneers like Winsor McCay and funding from William Randolph Hearst. Raoul Barré introduced the peg system, John Randolph Bray founded Bray Studios, and Felix the Cat popularized cartoons. Walt Disney's creations like Oswald the Lucky Rabbit and Mickey Mouse revolutionized animation with synchronized sound and color. Warner Bros. iconic characters like Bugs Bunny utilized cartoons as propaganda tools, creating a disconnect to convey messages effectively. The partnership between cartoons and propaganda is explored further in America's War on Drugs.

✨ Highlights
📊 Transcript
Evolution of American Animation
American animation started with newspaper comic strips and pioneers like Winsor McCay.
William Randolph Hearst funded early animation experiments.
Raoul Barré introduced the peg system for animation.
John Randolph Bray founded Bray Studios and developed the cel process.
Walt Disney's revolutionary contributions to the animation industry.
Felix the Cat had disputed origins between Sullivan and Messmer.
Disney's early work with Julius the Cat and Alice Comedies led to Oswald the Lucky Rabbit.
Steamboat Willie introduced synchronized sound and launched Mickey Mouse.
Disney's use of color in Flowers and Trees and release of Snow White solidified his dominance.
Warner Bros. cartoons, including Bugs Bunny, are iconic in American animation.
Bugs Bunny's career reached its peak in 1957 with 'What's Opera, Doc?' parodying Wagner.
Cartoons, similar to propaganda, distort realities to effectively convey messages.
Characters like Bugs Bunny create a disconnect between viewers and reality for softer message delivery.
The relationship between cartoons and propaganda is further explored in America's War on Drugs.