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Tafsir of the Whole Qur'an in 30 Hours (Commentary) Part 2 | Dr. Mufti Abdur-Rahman ibn Yusuf

ZamZamAcademy2020-04-26
zamzamacademy#mufti#islam#life#world#jannah#death#quran#Allah
52K views|4 years ago
💫 Short Summary

In this video, the speaker discusses the second juz of the Quran, which contains specific rulings and guidance for social, family, and individual life. The discussion begins with the change of the Qibla, the direction of worship, from Jerusalem to the Kaaba in Mecca. The speaker emphasizes the importance of unity in facing the Kaaba and highlights that the ultimate objective is for people to align their beliefs, actions, dealings, and character in the right direction. In the video, the speaker discusses the Quranic verses 151 and 152 which emphasize the importance of true faith and piety, beyond just outward rituals and symbols. The speaker explains the 16 main rulings mentioned in these verses, which cover various aspects of piety and righteousness in Islam, including faith in Allah, belief in the last day, giving money to family and orphans, and maintaining justice. The speaker also delves into the significance of these teachings in various aspects of life, including worship, interactions with others, and Islamic law. In this lecture, the speaker discusses various topics including capital punishment in Islam, forgiveness and ransom for crimes, writing a will, fasting in Ramadan, lunar months, jihad, spending in the path of Allah, and the rituals of Hajj. In this video, the speaker discusses various social and legal issues mentioned in the Quran, including pre-Islamic Arabian customs, the prohibition of alcohol and gambling, marriage regulations, and guidance on women's menstruation. The speaker emphasizes the importance of understanding and addressing these topics in the context of Islamic teachings. In this video, the speaker discusses various topics related to Islamic regulations and rulings found in Surah Al-Baqarah, including the prohibition of intercourse during menstruation, rules of divorce, the concept of justice and no oppression in Islam, and the waiting period for women after divorce or the death of their husband. In this video, the speaker discusses various topics from the Quran, including the waiting period for divorce, prayer, and two incidents mentioned in the Quran related to a community afflicted by a plague and the story of Saul and the Israelites. The speaker provides historical and contextual insights into these Quranic narratives. The video discusses how some wealthy individuals feel a false sense of security due to their money and connections, leading them to overlook religion. However, when exposed to religious Muslims in Western countries, some of them rediscover their own faith. The video also touches on the concept of true sovereignty belonging to Allah, and emphasizes the importance of purifying the heart and balancing outward rituals with inner spirituality in Islam. In this video, the speaker discusses the concept of following a leader, doing the right thing, and maintaining hope in Allah. They also talk about the importance of steadfastness and small groups overcoming bigger ones with the assistance of Allah. The video references Quran verse 251 and ends with a prayer for acceptance, guidance, and the Quran being a solace for the heart.

✨ Highlights
📊 Transcript
The second juz of the Quran provides specific details and rulings related to social, family, and individual life.
00:00
The second juz starts with a discussion about the change of the Qibla, the direction Muslims face in prayer.
Initially, the Qibla was towards Jerusalem, but later it was changed to Mecca.
Some people, including the hypocrites and the Jews, objected to this change.
The Prophet Muhammad never prayed or asked for the change in Qibla, showing his respect and submission to Allah's will.
Allah reminds believers that the direction of prayer is not as important as their belief, actions, dealings, and character.
04:24
Allah provided the believers with the guidance of facing the sanctified Masjid al-Haram in Mecca for prayer.
The ultimate goal is for people to orient their belief and actions in the right direction, not just physically face a specific point.
Allah emphasizes the importance of having the right direction in belief, actions, dealings, and character.
The main objective is for people to be guided and for Allah's bounties to be completed upon them.
Allah sent the Prophet as a communicator, teacher, and example of wisdom and perfection.
07:22
Allah has sent the Prophet to communicate and teach wisdom and perfection.
The Prophet serves as a role model for the believers.
Verse 177 of Surah Al-Baqarah sums up the true faith and piety in Islam.
09:00
True faith and piety in Islam is not just about outward rituals or symbols, but about belief in Allah, the Last Day, the angels, the book, the prophets, giving money to family and orphans, and behaving in the way Allah wants.
The 16 main rulings mentioned in this verse emphasize that true faith is more than just outward symbols.
Allah wants the practice of faith to continue in various aspects of life, not just in the mosque.
12:00
Muslims are encouraged to continue their worship, such as taraweeh and Jumu'ah prayers, at home if they don't have access to the mosque.
Islamic teachings on how to behave in the house, in the markets, on the streets, and in social interactions can be found in the second part of Surah Al-Baqarah.
Verse 177 discusses the 16 doors of piety, with two preceding verses providing context.
14:00
Before verse 177, it is mentioned that there is no harm in going between Safa and Marwah as it is part of the ritual of Hajj, and that certain things were made unlawful by the idolatrous people.
Verse 177 lists the things that are unlawful for believers, and allows consumption of unlawful things only in extreme situations for survival.
The emphasis on Allah's mercy and forgiveness is also highlighted in these verses.
The Islamic sharia is based on justice, including the principle of 'a life for a life'.
16:00
The Quran commands 'a life for a life' as a form of justice for murder.
There is also allowance for forgiveness, but the option of punishment serves as a deterrent for potential criminals.
The Quraysh thought they were special because they were caretakers of the Kaba, but Allah commanded them to go to Arafat and remember Him.
25:00
The Quraysh believed they were special and did not go to Arafat, while others did.
Allah commanded them to go to Arafat and remember Him, showing that everyone is equal before Allah.
Allah encourages spending in the path of religion, especially during Ramadan, to support institutions like mosques.
26:00
Spending in the path of Allah is essential for the sustainability of religious institutions.
Ramadan is a time to remember and support local institutions, even if they are closed or offering online services.
Allah forbids wine and gambling, with gambling being mentioned as even more difficult to remedy.
28:00
Both wine and gambling are considered bad addictions.
Gambling is mentioned as more challenging to detect and address.
Allah refers to wine as 'omaha' and describes gambling as one of the worst deeds.
Allah discusses family issues, including marriage, emphasizing the importance of faith for a harmonious family life.
29:00
Marriage to pagans and idolaters is not allowed, as it should be based on religion.
Muslim men are allowed to marry Christian and Jewish women, but it is disliked due to potential difficulties in maintaining a unified faith.
Different faiths can make it extremely difficult to have a common understanding and values in a marriage.
Allah provides guidance on women's menstruation, highlighting the importance for women to learn about it for their religious practices.
31:00
Many women lack knowledge about the rules of menstruation in Islam.
There are courses available for women to learn about menstruation at Rihanna Institute.
Men are advised to be aware of and considerate about women's menstruation in their intimate relationships.
Allah allows approaching women from whichever direction during intercourse as a response to the Jewish prohibition of only allowing one particular position.
32:00
Allah's allowance for approaching women from any direction during intercourse is a response to the Jewish prohibition of specific positions.
This serves as a reminder for those who truly understand Allah that even during intimate acts, they can get closer to Allah and be reminded of the pleasures of the afterlife.
The Quran provides guidance on the basic rules of breaking an oath.
34:00
Islam has guidelines for what to do if you break an oath.
Surah Al-Baqarah contains detailed rules related to divorce, and it is important for Muslims to understand these rules to avoid making mistakes.
35:00
Many scholars emphasize the need for Muslims to understand the rules of divorce, as it is often a misunderstood and mishandled issue.
The Quran acknowledges that there are cases where separation is necessary, and Islam allows for divorce, unlike in some other religions.
If a husband divorces his wife three times, she is not allowed to remarry him unless she marries someone else and the marriage is consummated.
The Quran also advises against holding onto a marriage if it has irretrievably broken down.
Islam allows divorce, but it should be done in a just and non-oppressive manner.
37:00
There is a section on dowry in the Quran.
After divorce, the husband should give his wife a parting gift as a gesture of kindness.
Mothers have the right to feed and nurse their children even after separation or divorce, emphasizing justice and no allowance for oppression.
The waiting period after divorce or the husband's death is a time for women to mourn and to establish the lineage of any potential child.
39:00
Women have a waiting period after divorce or the husband's death to mourn and determine if they are carrying their husband's child.
Islam emphasizes the importance of maintaining clear ancestry and lineage.
The waiting period for a woman to remarry after divorce is three complete menstrual cycles.
40:00
It is clarified that a woman needs to wait for three complete menstrual cycles before she can remarry.
There are detailed discussions about the waiting period and the mention of sending blessings upon Prophet Muhammad.
The Quran mentions the option for a wife to provide a payment or forgo her dowry to secure a divorce if the husband is not allowing it.
41:00
If a husband is not allowing the wife to get a divorce, the Quran mentions the option for the wife to provide a payment or forgo her dowry in order to secure the divorce.
Religion provides a sense of security and emotional support, which is overlooked by the wealthy and elite.
48:00
Wealthy individuals and elites may feel that religion is not for them because they have a false sense of security from their money and connections.
Students from Muslim families in Western countries are seen practicing their religion, which surprises some who have moved from other countries.
The Quranic verse emphasizes that Allah gives sovereignty to whoever He wishes, regardless of worldly power and wealth.
The story of David and Goliath is mentioned as a reminder that true sovereignty comes from Allah, not from worldly power.
51:00
Historical examples show that powerful empires and dynasties eventually decline, highlighting the temporary nature of worldly power.
The story of David and Goliath is a reminder that true sovereignty comes from Allah, as he chose David over others.
The section ends with a verse emphasizing that these are the signs of Allah, reinforcing the message of the Prophet.
The main points discussed in the Quranic verses include the importance of purifying the heart, balancing outer rituals with inner substance, seeking assistance through patience and prayer, and being prepared for tests and trials.
53:00
Purifying the heart and approaching things with sincerity is emphasized over focusing solely on outward symbols and rituals.
Both outer rituals and inner substance are important in Islam, such as being kind and generous while also performing prayers.
Verses highlight the concept of seeking assistance through patience and prayer, with Allah being with the patient.
The Quranic verses mention that believers will be tested with hardships, but they should remain patient and steadfast, with the promise of blessings and mercy from Allah.
The discussion is about following your leader, doing the right thing, keeping hope in Allah, and the assistance of Allah. Small groups can overcome big ones with the assistance of Allah.
57:00
Sticking to your principles and being steadfast is important.
Verse 251 will be discussed tomorrow.
The importance of Allah's assistance for anybody.
The last point is about verse 251, which will be discussed later.
💫 FAQs about This YouTube Video

1. What is the significance of the discussion about the change of the Qibla in the second Juz of the Quran?

The discussion about the change of the Qibla in the second Juz of the Quran marks the shift of the Islamic worship's focus towards the center of Makkah, highlighting the importance of unity in direction for Muslims during prayer.

2. How does the discussion about the change of the Qibla demonstrate the inclusivity and comprehensive nature of the second Juz of the Quran?

The discussion about the change of the Qibla in the second Juz of the Quran showcases the inclusivity and comprehensive nature by addressing specific rulings and accommodations related to social, family, and individual life in Islam.

3. What led to the change of the Qibla according to the second Juz of the Quran?

The change of the Qibla, discussed in the second Juz of the Quran, was prompted by the shift of Islamic worship's focus towards the center of Makkah, signifying the importance of unity in direction for Muslims during prayer.

4. How does the discussion about the change of the Qibla reflect the unity of Muslims in prayer?

The discussion about the change of the Qibla in the second Juz of the Quran reflects the unity of Muslims in prayer by emphasizing the significance of facing the center of Makkah during worship, highlighting the unity of direction for all Muslims.

5. What message does the discussion about the change of the Qibla convey in the second Juz of the Quran?

The discussion about the change of the Qibla in the second Juz of the Quran conveys the message of the importance of unity in the direction of Islamic worship, emphasizing the significance of facing the center of Makkah during prayer for all Muslims.

6. What is the main message of the discussed Quranic verse 177 from Surah Al-Baqarah?

The main message is that true piety and righteousness in Islam is more than just outward rituals or symbols of faith, but it is about turning the heart and behavior towards Allah and dealing with others in the way that Allah has instructed.

7. How many rules or rulings are mentioned in the discussed verse 177 from Surah Al-Baqarah?

There are approximately sixteen different rules or rulings mentioned in the verse, emphasizing the comprehensive nature of true piety and righteousness in Islam.

8. Why is it important to understand that true faith in Islam goes beyond outward rituals or symbols?

Understanding that true faith goes beyond outward rituals or symbols is important because it emphasizes the need to focus on internal sincerity and genuine behavior in relation to Allah and others.

9. How is the concept of piety and righteousness defined in Islam based on the discussion of the Quranic verse 177?

In Islam, piety and righteousness are defined as turning the heart and behavior towards Allah, as well as dealing with others in accordance with the teachings of Islam, going beyond just outward expressions of faith.

10. What are the key aspects of true piety and righteousness in Islam according to the discussed verse 177 from Surah Al-Baqarah?

The key aspects include belief in Allah, the Last Day, the angels, the Book, and the prophets, as well as giving wealth to family and the needy, demonstrating the comprehensive nature of true piety and righteousness in Islam.

11. What is the Islamic perspective on capital punishment?

The Islamic perspective on capital punishment is mentioned in the Quran and has a legislation and reasoning behind it, with the option for forgiveness and taking a ransom.

12. What are the key points mentioned about fasting in the video?

The video discusses the importance of fasting for every sane mature Muslim, and the specific details and rules related to fasting in Islam.

13. How is the pillar of Hajj explained in the video?

The video explains the pillar of Hajj in Islam, highlighting the importance of Muslims coming together to show solidarity, learn from one another, and perform the worship of Hajj during specific months.

14. What does the video mention about the lunar months and their significance in Islamic worship?

The video emphasizes the importance of understanding the lunar months in Islamic worship, as many worships are related to the lunar calendar, including the observance of Ramadan.

15. What discussion does the video present about the concept of jihad in Islam?

The video delves into the discussion of jihad in Islam, addressing the principles of defending against enemies and the proper understanding and application of jihad to avoid manipulation and misuse of the concept.

16. What are some of the pre-Islamic Jahiliyyah rituals of the Quraysh related to Hajj?

Some pre-Islamic Jahiliyyah rituals of the Quraysh related to Hajj included the Quraysh's special treatment as caretakers of the Kaba, their avoidance of certain locations, and their focus on competition and boasting during the pilgrimage.

17. How does the Quran emphasize the importance of spending in the path of Allah during Hajj?

The Quran encourages spending in the path of Allah during Hajj to support the sustenance of religious institutions and emphasizes the significant reward for such spending.

18. What social and family issues are discussed in the Quran related to marriage and family relationships?

The Quran discusses the importance of faith compatibility in marriage, addresses the prohibition of marrying idolaters, and emphasizes the significance of faith in unifying family values and relationships.

19. What specific ruling related to women's menstruation is mentioned in the Quran, and why is it important for women to have knowledge about it?

The Quran addresses the rules pertaining to women's menstruation and highlights the importance of women having knowledge about it to understand the religious guidelines and fulfill their religious obligations.

20. What are the rules and teachings regarding divorce discussed in the Quran?

The Quran discusses the rules and teachings regarding divorce, including the procedure, obligations, and the importance of justice and kindness towards women during and after the divorce. It also emphasizes the well-being of children and the preservation of ancestry.

21. How does Islam emphasize justice and kindness towards women during and after divorce?

Islam emphasizes justice and kindness towards women during and after divorce by outlining their rights, the importance of fair treatment, financial support, and the well-being of children. The Quranic teachings stress the avoidance of oppression and the promotion of amicable dissolution of marriage.

22. What does the Quran teach about the well-being of children during and after divorce?

The Quran teaches the importance of the well-being of children during and after divorce, emphasizing their rights, care, and upbringing. It provides guidance on parental responsibilities, financial support, and the emotional welfare of children affected by divorce.

23. How does the Quran address the preservation of ancestry in the context of divorce?

The Quran addresses the preservation of ancestry in the context of divorce by emphasizing the importance of clear lineage and the avoidance of confusion regarding the parentage of children. It offers guidance to ensure the accurate preservation of family lineage and ancestry.

24. What are the obligations and responsibilities outlined in the Quran for the procedure of divorce?

The Quran outlines the obligations and responsibilities for the procedure of divorce, including the necessity of following proper guidelines, fulfilling financial commitments, and ensuring the dignified dissolution of marriage. It emphasizes the importance of fulfilling the rights of both parties and conducting the divorce with fairness and compassion.

25. What is the significance of discussing the waiting period and the option for a wife to provide a payment for divorce in the Quran?

The significance of discussing the waiting period and the option for a wife to provide a payment for divorce in the Quran is to provide comprehensive guidance for dealing with marital issues and divorces, demonstrating the depth of detail and practical wisdom in Islamic teachings.

26. How does the Quran emphasize the importance of being protective and regular in prayers, especially the middle prayer?

The Quran emphasizes the importance of being protective and regular in prayers, especially the middle prayer, stressing the commitment to prayer and mindfulness in worship.

27. What lesson can be derived from the story of a community facing a plague and the importance of following the ruling to stay indoors mentioned in the Quran?

The story of a community facing a plague and the importance of following the ruling to stay indoors, mentioned in the Quran, highlights the significance of adhering to guidelines for public health and safety, showcasing the timeless relevance of such lessons.

28. What is the purpose of the detailed discussion of the story of Prophet Saul and the Israelites in the Quran?

The purpose of the detailed discussion of the story of Prophet Saul and the Israelites in the Quran serves to provide lessons on community leadership, the importance of trust in Allah, and the recognition of true merit beyond worldly prestige.

29. What is the main message about religion and wealth presented in the video?

The video discusses how the wealthy and elite may not see the importance of religion because they feel that their money and position provide a false sense of security. It also touches on the idea that religion provides a different kind of security and emotional fulfillment.

30. How does the video portray the discovery of religion by some students in Western countries?

The video mentions that some students who move to Western countries and encounter religious practices may show admiration and a desire to be like their religious peers, highlighting the unexpected discovery of religion in a new cultural environment.

31. What is the significance of the discussion about sovereignty and power in the video?

The video emphasizes the transient nature of power and the importance of true sovereignty, linking it to the idea of doing the right thing in the eyes of Allah. It also reflects on the historical rise and fall of empires to illustrate this point.

32. How are the importance of inner purification and the balance between outward ritual and substance in religion addressed in the video?

The video underscores the significance of purifying the heart and maintaining a balance between outward ritual and inner substance in religion. It acknowledges the importance of both aspects and warns against focusing solely on one aspect at the expense of the other.

33. What topics related to patience, prayer, and the testing of individuals are discussed in the video?

The video explores the themes of patience, the power of prayer, and the testing of individuals by Allah. It highlights the role of patience and prayer in facing difficulties, and it delves into the concept of tests and trials as a means of spiritual growth.

34. What is the importance of steadfastness and keeping hope in Allah?

Steadfastness and keeping hope in Allah are discussed as important principles, with the belief that the assistance of Allah is crucial for overcoming challenges.

35. How are small groups believed to overcome big ones according to the discussion?

The discussion explores the belief that with the assistance of Allah, small groups can overcome larger ones.

36. What is the focus of the discussion on verse 251?

The focus of the discussion on verse 251 is mentioned to be differing beliefs, with the details to be discussed further in the future.