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中共历次政治运动【1921至2023年】

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💫 Short Summary

The video segments cover the formation of the Anti-Bolshevik group within the Communist Party of China, Mao Zedong's role in countering them, the Chinese Cultural Revolution, the Great Leap Forward, and the crackdown on the Falun Gong movement. It discusses internal struggles, power dynamics, mass killings, ideological transformations, public trials, and the impact on Chinese society. The segments highlight historical events, political movements, and the lasting consequences of these actions, showcasing the complex evolution of the Communist Party of China amidst adversity and control.

✨ Highlights
📊 Transcript
Formation of the Anti-Bolshevik group within the Communist Party of China in 1926.
00:36
Internal struggles and control within the party led to the emergence of the AB group.
Mao Zedong played a significant role in countering the AB group.
The Red Army had a significant influence in the region during the power struggle.
Violent tactics, including the use of cruel methods, were employed during the power struggle.
History of the Communist Party of China
02:15
Early struggles and significant role of various individuals highlighted.
Impact of the Red Army and formation of the party discussed.
Challenges faced by the party and its members, including persecution and betrayal, mentioned.
Key figures like Zhang Guotao and Chen Changhao noted for their contributions.
Zhang Guodong led a large-scale slaughter under the command of the Red Fourth Army.
04:00
Facing difficulties with 17 army ranks, 35 officer ranks, and 44 group ranks, a total of 600 people were captured as prisoners.
The White Deer Park rebellion resulted in victory for Zhang Guodong.
The army had plans to expand their territory, involving military relations, group organizations, and the implementation of the 'Red Fourth Army Civil Organization.'
The movement caused over 2,000 casualties, destroying agricultural production and leading to the establishment of the Suzhou Soviet.
The movement towards whole party alignment and recognition of Mao Zedong's position within the party.
05:48
Punishment of party members with special services, exile, and counter-revolutionary fates.
Wang Shimin's execution for criticizing the party's practices during land reform.
Land reform in China starting in 1953, excluding certain regions like Xinjiang, Tibet, and Qinghai.
Chinese Communist Party's efforts to transform ideology and thinking through education since 1949.
07:29
Movement to 'publicize and criticize' intellectuals in 1952.
Education system targeted young people and party members to align their thoughts through intense scrutiny, public criticism, and self-criticism.
Impact on high school teachers and university students, emphasizing the need for conformity in thinking.
'Thought reform' efforts aimed to eliminate individualistic ideas and create a unified ideological front.
Impact of Three-Views Movement in China on American Perception.
08:57
The movement justified American deaths and criticized the U.S. as imperialist.
It created anti-American sentiments among Chinese citizens.
The movement influenced Chinese perceptions of the U.S. negatively.
Success of the movement fueled resentment towards the U.S. in China, leading to anti-American propaganda by the Chinese government and Communist Party.
Overview of the Chinese Cultural Revolution, focusing on persecution, impact on businesses, mass killings, and investigations.
11:28
Influence of prominent figures like Lu Xun and Guo Moruo, as well as the self-destruction of capital and forced suicides.
Significant casualties and lasting impact on arts and literature community in China.
Public trials and judgments faced by individuals like Hu Feng, Zhou Zuoren, and Ba Jin, with comparisons to Lu Xun's trial.
Intellectual crackdowns, cultural direction influenced by Lu Xun, and internal struggles within the Communist Party leading to the formation of the Lubo team.
Nationalization of Private Enterprises in China during the 1950s.
12:11
China's central government arrested Kuomintang leaders and youth group members to clear out Kuomintang elements within the country.
Public-private partnerships were established in 1953 in China, leading to the completion of private joint ventures.
The public-private partnership model in China involved companies being collectively owned by individuals, with no individual holding management rights.
Business profits were no longer distributed to company leaders and shareholders, instead, 85% of profits were supported by the Chinese Communist Party annually based on the amount of shares held.
The rise of the Eight Immortals in August 1956 led to the 'Hundred Flowers Bloom, Hundred Schools of Thought Contend' movement.
14:18
The movement quickly escalated, touching on international events and domestic discussions that could undermine political stability.
Over 50 million people, including prominent economists, were labeled as 'rightists'.
Zhao Ziyang participated in the counter-rightist movement, resulting in the deaths of over 140 million individuals.
The true number of casualties from the movement was never accurately calculated.
The Great Leap Forward resulted in 15 to 55 million deaths and is considered the largest man-made famine in history.
16:03
The Four Cleanups Movement was initiated by the Communist Party in rural China to clean up waste, manage finances, and promote ideology.
The movement expanded to include agriculture and economy development, leading to significant political mobilization in rural communities.
Mao Zedong's final large-scale campaign was against Lin Biao's clique, sparking the chaotic Cultural Revolution involving mass killings and destruction of cultural relics.
The Cultural Revolution was a political movement initiated by Mao Zedong within the Communist Party, characterized by persecution, martial law, and personal attacks.
Summary of the Cultural Revolution in China.
17:35
Over 10,000 people were killed and 6,000 were missing, with notable figures leading the movement.
Many knowledgeable youth suffered severe injuries during the revolution.
Millions of young people were involved in radical movements.
The Cultural Revolution resulted in the deaths of 15 to 20 million people and was started in 1966 to strengthen political control.
Overview of the crackdown on the Falun Gong movement in China.
19:13
177 million people nationwide were involved in the trial, with 1.74 million people sentenced to death.
Social peace and stability in China improved significantly after the crackdown.
Large number of wrongful convictions due to the issue of Dao De's death penalty.
The crackdown took place from 1996 to 2001 and in 2010, focusing on promoting mainstream Chinese culture and enhancing national security.
China cancels 'zero-COVID' policy at the end of 2022.
21:09
The shift in approach towards living with the virus has led to a significant increase in COVID-19 deaths.
No accurate official statistics on the number of deaths have been released yet.