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The Future Of Reasoning

8M views|3 years ago
💫 Short Summary

The video explores the evolution and limitations of human reasoning, highlighting how reasoning is used socially to justify beliefs and decisions. It discusses the impact of hyperobjects like climate change on civilizations and suggests a return to collaborative reasoning for addressing complex issues. The concept of lottocracy, where decisions are made by randomly chosen citizens, is proposed as a way to promote unbiased decision-making and address existential threats like climate change. Ultimately, the video emphasizes the importance of diverse perspectives and collaborative decision-making in shaping a better future.

✨ Highlights
📊 Transcript
The power of reason and shared knowledge in society.
Reason has led to societal advancements but faces challenges from modern complexities and technology.
Climate change, caused by human activities, poses threats to the environment and well-being.
Addressing these issues requires rethinking norms, global collaboration, and navigating uncertainties and trade-offs.
The impact of hyperobjects on civilizations and their potential as a 'great filter'.
The importance of addressing climate disasters and the role of hyperobjects in shaping our mindset.
The evolution of reasoning and its significance in decision-making and knowledge inference.
The role of reasoning in understanding the world and forming accurate conclusions.
The Enigma of Reason: Understanding the complexities of human reasoning.
Despite having reasoning abilities, humans often disagree on matters of truth and judgment.
Logical puzzles illustrate how subjective assumptions can impact conclusions, leading to disagreements.
Studies show that humans are inherently bad at reasoning and prone to biases.
The idea that logic alone can solve societal problems is challenged by the limitations of human reasoning.
Humans are wired to provide reasons for their beliefs, even if those reasons were not the basis for their conclusions.
Our brains can detect emotions in others without conscious effort.
Reasoning is often used to explain decisions to others, rather than to improve decision-making.
Hugo Mercier and Dan Sperber propose that reasoning evolved for social decision-making, not for logical thinking.
Humans excel in cognition, reasoning, and cooperation, enabling complex strategies and adaptations in social interactions.
The social theory of reasons sheds light on why people may not always provide their true reasons for beliefs.
Confirmation bias influences individuals to seek out information that aligns with their existing beliefs, preventing them from accepting new data.
Reasoning is considered a group activity, with confirmation bias aiding in the cognitive workload being divided among individuals.
Collective deliberation enables ideas to be evaluated by a group, harnessing the collective wisdom of the crowd.
Importance of diverse perspectives in decision-making.
Reasoning evolved for social use with diverse perspectives working together towards common conclusions.
Modern society encourages individual reasoning, leading to less collaborative decision-making.
The internet provides many perspectives but also fosters disengagement and echo chambers.
Technology presents rapid issues challenging individuals' ability to form well-informed reasons.
The concept of lottocracy is discussed as an alternative to elected leaders, focusing on randomly chosen citizens making decisions.
Ancient Athens' use of lotteries in democracy is highlighted as a historical model for decision-making.
Returning reasoning to social roots through targeted discussions is emphasized for addressing complex issues like emissions impact.
Widening participation in decision-making processes could lead to existential security and valuable lessons for future generations.