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The Cold War Explained In 15 Minutes | Best Cold War Documentary

The Life Guide2020-11-09
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💫 Short Summary

The Cold War between the US and Soviet Union led to nuclear tensions, conflicts like the Cuban Missile Crisis, and the division of Germany. NATO and the CIA were established to counter Soviet influence, with events like the Berlin Wall and Berlin Crisis heightening tensions. The Bay of Pigs invasion and Cuban Missile Crisis nearly sparked nuclear war, leading to agreements and communication improvements. The Vietnam War and internal struggles in the Soviet Union continued, with efforts like the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty and the Strategic Defense Initiative shaping relations. Gorbachev's reforms and disarmament efforts eventually led to the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.

✨ Highlights
📊 Transcript
The Cold War began after World War II, with the US and Soviet Union engaged in an ideological battle.
03:17
Both sides stockpiled nuclear weapons, leading to conflicts such as the Cuban Missile Crisis and the Berlin Wall.
The US implemented the Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan to contain communism and rebuild Europe's economy.
Germany became a symbol of division, with the Soviets occupying the East and Western allies the West.
Tensions rose with events like the Berlin Blockade, resolved through the Berlin Airlift.
Escalation of Cold War Tensions.
04:20
NATO was created in 1949 to counter Soviet influence.
The CIA was established in 1947, rapidly growing in size and budget, intervening in developing countries to curb communism.
The Korean War demonstrated containment of communism but ended in a stalemate.
Khrushchev's provocative leadership led to the creation of the Warsaw Pact and threats against Western powers.
The Cold War tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union escalated in the early 1960s.
08:33
Khrushchev's decision to build the Berlin Wall in 1961 heightened tensions between East and West Berlin.
The Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961 failed, leading to Khrushchev sending nuclear missiles to Cuba in 1962.
A Soviet officer's refusal to launch nuclear torpedoes prevented a potential nuclear war during the Cuban Missile Crisis.
Kennedy and Khrushchev reached an agreement to remove the missiles, leading to the installation of a hotline between the White House and the Kremlin for better communication.
Discontent over the Vietnam War led President Johnson to not seek re-election.
10:48
The war continued for five more years, resulting in significant casualties on both sides.
The Soviet Union, under Brezhnev, faced internal struggles, including economic stagnation.
Nixon and Brezhnev initiated talks on a Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT) to begin detente.
Reagan's presidency shifted towards a confrontational approach, leading to the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) aimed at creating a missile defense system.
Mikhail Gorbachev's reforms of perestroika and glasnost aimed to address economic stagnation and political unrest in the Soviet Union.
14:30
The Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty signed in 1987 resulted in the destruction of over two and a half thousand nuclear weapons, marking a significant milestone in disarmament efforts.
Gorbachev's reforms eventually contributed to the unraveling of the Soviet Union.
Democratic revolutions across Eastern Europe led to the fall of communist governments and the collapse of the Berlin Wall.
The Soviet Union was dissolved in 1991 as a result of these events.