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Japan in 1960 was insane.

Spectacles2024-04-11
liberalism#democracy#documentary#Japan#protests
1M views|3 months ago
đź’« Short Summary

After World War II, Japan transformed under American occupation, becoming a peaceful, democratic nation with progressive policies. However, during the Cold War, priorities shifted towards anti-communism, leading to a reversal of progressive measures. The Liberal Democratic Party, influenced by the CIA, emerged in 1955, with Prime Minister Kishi facing opposition for his war history and policies. Protests against a controversial treaty in 1960 turned violent, resulting in deaths and political turmoil. Prime Minister Ikeda's transformation and focus on societal issues led to economic growth, highlighting the challenges of balancing conservative and progressive parties in the Japanese political landscape.

✨ Highlights
đź“Š Transcript
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Transformation of Japan under American occupation post-World War II.
02:25
American occupation led to the arrest of war leaders and the Emperor renouncing divinity.
Establishment of a progressive constitution promoting equality and worker rights.
Shift towards anti-communism during the Cold War led to pardons for war-era leaders and a reversal of progressive policies.
Despite maintaining Article 9 renouncing war, Japan formed the Self-Defense Force and ended the American occupation with a treaty allowing military presence.
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Japan's post-American occupation identity crisis in 1952 led to the emergence of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) in 1955.
07:02
The LDP was partially organized by the CIA, with former war criminal Nobusuke Kishi becoming Prime Minister with intentions to remilitarize Japan and renegotiate the security treaty with America.
Kishi faced opposition for his war history and authoritarian leadership style, resulting in widespread public dissent and protests against his policies.
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Japanese Prime Minister Kishi faced intense opposition over a controversial treaty in 1960.
10:37
Kishi resorted to using force, calling in police to physically remove opposition members from the Diet building.
Despite protests, Kishi managed to pass the treaty, causing widespread dissatisfaction among the Japanese population.
The opposition shifted focus to the upper house of the Diet to delay or block the treaty's ratification.
Protestors targeting US President Eisenhower's visit caused security concerns and embarrassment for Kishi.
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Protests against US-Japan security treaty in 1960 turned violent in Japan.
14:14
Police beat protestors and a student was trampled to death during the protests.
Despite opposition, the treaty was ratified, aligning Japan with the US.
Eisenhower canceled his visit and Prime Minister Kishi resigned, showing political turmoil.
The episode did not resolve Japan's identity crisis, leading to polarized elections.
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Transformation of Japanese Prime Minister Ikeda's Political Approach.
19:05
Ikeda faced backlash and witnessed the assassination of political opponent Asanuma in 1960.
Despite initial expectations, Ikeda gave an emotional eulogy for Asanuma, leading to a change in his focus towards addressing societal issues.
Ikeda promised to double national income, address food prices and unemployment, and avoid lavish activities, leading to increased LDP seats and economic growth.
Ikeda abandoned plans for constitutional revision, receiving mixed reactions from colleagues and party members.
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Discussion on decision-making in the Japanese Diet and balancing conservative and progressive parties.
21:51
Ikeda's role in moderating the LDP and promoting stability in Japan.
Stable political environment led to economic growth but limited political choices and stifled protests.
Exploration of political spectrum from chaos to autocracy, highlighting the tradeoff between opportunity and stability.
Emphasis on how liberal democracy attempts to balance these aspects based on historical moments like Japan in 1960.