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Roqe Ep. 318 - The Psychology of Revolution - Dr. Fathali M. Moghaddam, Roundup

Roqe Media2024-04-11
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💫 Short Summary

Dr. Fathali Madam explores the psychology of revolutions, emphasizing the need for behavioral change for successful regime change. The video discusses the challenges of transitioning to democracy from authoritarian regimes, highlighting personal experiences in Iran. It also touches on the importance of managing rising expectations, the aftermath of revolutions, and the complexities of achieving lasting political transformation. The collapse of the Soviet Union and the importance of aggressive leadership in controlling extremists are also discussed. Overall, the segment stresses the necessity of proactive actions, societal transformation, and educating for behavioral shifts in revolution.

✨ Highlights
📊 Transcript
Dr. Fathali Madam emphasizes the importance of a fundamental shift in citizen behavior for successful regime change in his new book.
Revolutions often fail due to the population's ingrained behavior remaining unchanged.
Madam draws from his experiences as an Iranian to stress the significance of understanding the psychological aspects of revolutions for lasting change.
The conversation anticipates an engaging discussion on the topic, showcasing Madam's expertise and insights.
Discussion of book on psychological aspects of revolutions and transitioning to democracy from authoritarian regimes.
Book is described as a cautionary tale, emphasizing complexities and uncertainties of regime change.
Author shares personal experiences in Iran during revolution.
Importance of discussing topics highlighted, with anticipation of gaining insights on recent events in Iran.
Book praised for clear and accessible presentation of complex ideas.
Rook Live 2 event announcement featuring Janti, Soloni, Bamini, and Dr. Kay.
Tickets available through Eventbrite and Rook Media's Instagram page.
Event scheduled for Tuesday, May 7th at Theater Aurora near Toronto.
Limited VIP tickets remaining, early purchase encouraged.
Lineup includes special performances and surprises for attendees.
Updates on Rook Live Events and Medical Support during Pandemic.
A doctor in New York offering online medical support during the COVID pandemic and uprising in Iran.
Boxer and trainer NJ Tanos participating in a live show.
Iranian-Canadian correspondent and her daughter being announced as guests on the show.
Concerns raised about illness transmission after a photo session with a sick individual.
Discussion on "The Psychology of Revolution" by Dr. Fatemi Madani.
The book explores political plasticity and the malleability of political behavior during revolutions.
Similarities in experiences between Iranians and Russians who have undergone traumatic revolutions are highlighted.
Questioning why revolutions do not always lead to better outcomes.
Focus on understanding the complexities of revolutions and the challenges they pose for achieving positive change.
The psychology of revolutions is explored, focusing on how surface changes can mislead while foundational continuities persist.
Understanding behavior change during revolutions, such as the Russian Revolution, is crucial for success.
Psychological research often neglects the topic of behavior change during revolutions.
Changing people's behavior is essential for lasting impact during revolutions.
The extreme measures of societal change by the Cambodian Khmer Rouge demonstrate the challenges of implementing radical behavior changes.
Dedication to Dr. Abas Milani and exploration of revolutions from a psychological perspective.
The speaker emphasizes understanding what happens after regime change.
Discussion about the concept of Perpetual Revolution.
People have a tendency not to change profoundly, leading to a continuous need for revolution.
Factors influencing regime change or revolution.
Dissatisfaction with current society and belief in a better future post-change are key drivers.
Emotions and rising expectations fuel revolutions, shifting focus from material conditions to subjective interpretations.
Iran example shows how young people driven by emotion fight for regime change.
Managing expectations is crucial to prevent unrest and maintain stability.
The concept of relative deprivation and its impact on triggering dissatisfaction and revolutions.
Cultural acceptance of wealth inequality in India leading to less comparison and dissatisfaction.
The pursuit of justice, democracy, and freedom in revolutions, with a focus on modern Iran.
Introduction of the concept of political plasticity and the evolution of leader-follower relationships over centuries.
Questioning the pace of change in leader-follower dynamics post-revolution and exploring the continuity of such relationships.
Factors influencing the 1979 revolution in Iran.
Religious fundamentalism and strategic mistakes by the Shah played a significant role in the revolution.
Lower classes, with strong religious beliefs, were mobilized through mosque networks.
Regime change is psychologically easier than implementing lasting revolutionary change.
Post-1979, democratic forces failed to bring necessary reforms, highlighting the challenges of sustaining change.
Discussion on the need for time and space for democratic forces to flourish in countries like Iran and Algeria.
Highlight of the issue of absolute power in male leaders and lack of change in leader-follower relations post-revolution.
Categorization of revolutionary leaders into categorical thinkers or opportunists based on their personality types.
Emphasis on the consequences of corruption resulting from absolute power.
Questioning the success of revolutions in achieving democracy and freedom.
Success of revolutions often favors those in power, with majority not benefiting.
Russian and Chinese revolutions had mixed results, with China maintaining dictatorial power.
Iranian revolution shows challenge of changing behavior despite leadership change.
Revolutions with long-term view, like American Revolution, are considered more successful.
Raises questions on ultimate success of revolutions and difficulty in achieving ideal society.
Evolution of Voting Rights and Revolutions.
Voting rights evolved from ancient Greece to the American Revolution and eventually granted to women in 1920.
Collectivization in countries like China, Cuba, and Russia posed challenges to achieving democracy.
Extremist agendas often co-opt revolutions, making moderate revolutions rare but not impossible.
Regime changes frequently lead to further revolutions, showcasing the complexities of achieving lasting political transformation.
The collapse of the Soviet Union was due to internal corruption and economic problems.
Yeltsin handed power to Putin, who continued the corruption.
Putin used bombings in Moscow as an opportunity to take power.
Suspicions arose that Putin's circle was responsible for the bombings.
The transition from Yeltsin to Putin was not peaceful, highlighting the dilemma of pro-democracy forces competing with extremists for power.
Importance of aggressive leadership in controlling extremists and radicals.
Proactive and severe actions are needed to prevent extremist elements from gaining power.
Female leadership plays a crucial role in driving democratic movements.
Selective fights and assertive leadership are necessary to combat extremist threats effectively.
Importance of Building Conditions for Behavioral Change Before Regime Change.
Democratic forces must focus on creating a new society to ensure successful transformation.
Past revolutions, such as in Iran, have failed to deliver promised liberation and freedom.
Parallels are drawn between the current regime and the time of the Sha, highlighting challenges in implementing lasting change.
Speaker's psychological perspective emphasizes the complexity of societal transformation and the need for education and preparation for behavioral shifts.
Impact of rising expectations on societal dynamics.
Rising expectations can lead to dissatisfaction and unrest as seen in the 1970s.
Managing expectations is crucial to prevent social conflict and unrest.
Strength and preparedness are necessary to deal with potential violence in certain situations.
Reference to 'The Psychology of Revolution' by Dr. Fat Mam and a viral video of female architecture students in Iran.
Social media impact on student graduation celebration.
University president threatens prosecution for illegal activity related to viral video.
Discussion on pattern of hope followed by disappointment in similar situations.
Persian Twitter highlighted as a source of information on current events.
Controversy surrounding photos of celebrities at a concert in Dubai raises questions about relationships and interactions.
Discussion on supporting an individual involved in controversial programming on state television, with one party choosing to remain neutral.
Conversation includes topics such as taking photos with famous people, personal preferences, and cultural perceptions.
Segment concludes with a promotional message for an upcoming event.
Viewers are encouraged to subscribe to the channel across various platforms.