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Charting a Path to Quality Education in the Philippines by 2030

PIDS2024-02-29
education#basic education#higher education#TVET#quality education#technical and vocational education and training
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💫 Short Summary

The Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) offers a digital library called SIRP with various socioeconomic materials for policymakers, researchers, educators, and students. PIDS conducts rigorous policy research to support the government in creating relevant policies, plans, and programs aligned with the country's long-term vision and development goals. The video discusses strategies, challenges, and potential solutions for ensuring quality education for all by 2030, highlighting the need for increased investment in education, innovative teaching methods, technology integration, and improving education quality through various approaches. Recommendations include enhancing teacher quality, adequate funding, curriculum reform, and increasing access to educational technology to achieve sustainable development goals and ensure equitable quality education for all in the Philippines.

✨ Highlights
📊 Transcript
The Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) offers a digital library called SIRP with various socioeconomic materials for policymakers, researchers, educators, and students.
02:25
SIRP includes journal articles, books, research papers, policy notes, and more from over 60 partner institutions.
It covers 22 research themes such as labor, education, gender, poverty, technology, and trade.
Users can filter research by keyword, author, publication type, theme, or year.
PIDS conducts rigorous policy research to support the government in creating relevant policies, plans, and programs aligned with the country's long-term vision and development goals.
PIDS offers online publications, resources, and policy research seminars to address key policy issues.
05:42
The institute provides advice and expertise to policymakers, government agencies, and civil society, resulting in policy improvements benefiting Filipinos.
PIDS has completed numerous policy studies on various development topics, translating their services into impactful policies and programs.
SERP, the institute's online database, offers free access to socioeconomic materials for researchers, educators, and students, covering a wide range of subjects.
With over 7,000 publications and audiovisual materials available, SERP contributes to knowledge exchange and policy innovation in the Philippines.
The Role of the Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) in Policy Research and Analysis.
10:14
PIDS conducts rigorous policy research and analysis to assist the government in crafting relevant policies, plans, and programs.
The institute collaborates with policymakers, government agencies, private sector, and civil society to address key policy issues and improve the lives of Filipinos.
PIDS leverages research fellows' expertise to complete numerous policy studies on a wide range of development topics.
The institute translates its research into impactful policies and programs that benefit the Filipino population.
Discussion on strategies, challenges, and potential solutions for ensuring quality education by 2030.
18:50
Speakers and experts share insights and experiences in the field of education.
United Nations Sustainable Development Goals provide a pathway towards a sustainable future.
Philippines showing improvement but still has a long way to go in achieving quality education.
Education is crucial in addressing societal challenges, particularly the low quality of the education system.
Significant learning competency lag among students in the Philippines in the 2022 Program for International Student Assessment.
20:05
Increased investment in education, early education initiatives, innovative teaching methods, and technology integration are needed.
Emphasis on sustainable development goal four on quality education and equipping students with necessary knowledge and skills.
Education plays a vital role in closing competency gaps.
Holistic approach to education quality improvement is essential.
Factors for improving education quality in the Philippines were ranked by attendees in a webinar.
23:37
Quality of teaching and educators were considered the most important factor.
Adequate funding and resources were ranked as the second most important factor.
Curriculum reform and innovation, access to educational technology, and parent and community involvement were also highlighted.
The webinar focused on sustainable development goal 4 on quality education for all in the Philippines, with recommendations for stakeholders to ensure fulfillment by 2030.
Authors of study on Philippines' progress on SDG4: Dr. Albert, Dr. Basillote, and Dr. Alin Suurin.
28:55
Dr. Albert has consulting and teaching experience, Dr. Basillote is an independent policy consultant, and Dr. Alin Suurin is an associate dean with research interests.
The presentation will discuss study objectives, methodology, key findings, and recommendations for SDG4.
Importance of education in the Philippines for socio-economic development.
33:50
Constitution mandates free public education at primary and secondary levels.
Education spending has not reached 4% of GDP, lagging behind neighboring countries.
Less than a fifth of students achieve minimum proficiency in reading and mathematics.
Recent PISA results highlight the sector's crisis and the need for significant reforms to address learning poverty rates.
Education proficiency levels in the Philippines are low, with students answering only around four out of 10 questions correctly.
35:20
Math and science are the weakest subjects for Filipino students.
Girls generally outperform boys across all subjects in education.
The pandemic has reversed gains in completion rates, causing 1.42 years of learning losses and potential earnings losses.
Despite increases in education budgets, the Philippines remains among the lowest globally in terms of spending per student.
Concerning decline in participation rate for five-year-olds in the Philippines.
38:30
Custom indicators needed for development, along with a strong skill strategy for the youth labor market.
TVET sector historically underfunded despite being a key development strategy.
Job growth not keeping up with GDP growth, leading to many in precarious jobs.
Shift towards low productivity jobs posing a threat to the sector.
Challenges in Connecting Economic Prosperity, Job Creation, and Skills Development in the Philippines.
43:34
Tertiary education enrollment is lower compared to neighboring countries, particularly for males.
Gender disparities are present, with females falling behind in technical and vocational education.
Completion rates in vocational programs have seen improvement, but certification rates remain unchanged.
Funding mechanisms target disadvantaged populations for more equitable access, with potential for increased funding to improve system efficiencies and outcomes.
Factors affecting TVET outcomes and the need to address system capacity issues such as lack of trainers and assessors.
45:23
The Philippines has weaknesses in developing relevant skills due to low participation in tertiary education.
Enterprise-based training shows promise for better employment outcomes.
Leveraging existing knowledge and institutional frameworks is crucial for progress towards development goals.
Discussion on SDG education targets related to higher education outcomes and reducing inequities in access to education.
Challenges in exploiting demographic dividend in the Philippines.
49:10
Nearly half of workers lack complete high school education, affecting labor market participation.
Older workers have lower college degree rates compared to younger workers with updated skills.
Midcareer workers may need to seek opportunities for career growth.
Disparities in labor market outcomes for senior high school graduates, with more entering the workforce and challenges for those without completing high school.
Impact of Crisis on Labor Force Participation
51:41
Non-completers of junior and senior high school are more likely to join the labor force during crises like the pandemic.
Men have lower completion rates than women, affecting their skills, job opportunities, and marriage prospects.
Despite higher college participation, many youths end up in middle and low-skilled jobs instead of professional careers, limiting productivity gains.
There is a mismatch between the expected skill sets of college degree holders and the actual skills demanded by the job market, leading to a decline in professional jobs and an increase in low-skilled and service jobs.
Key issues in higher education outcomes in the Philippines include lack of investment, shortage of highly educated workers, and gender disparities in education.
54:55
Literacy rates in the Philippines vary by region and gender, with girls generally performing better than boys.
Access to safe sanitation and water services has a positive impact on functional literacy.
The Philippines is behind in ICT skills compared to other Asian countries.
While improvements have been made in school facilities like electricity and computer access, challenges remain in providing adequate infrastructure and inclusive environments.
Educational support in the Philippines needs to go beyond scholarships to build institutional capability.
58:16
Teachers in the Philippines earn double the median wage but their pay primarily compensates for heavy workloads.
More resources are needed to support teachers in marginalized areas to improve SDG indicators.
Policy makers must optimize impact per budgetary peso to address learning deficits.
Enhancing data accessibility for research and learning is crucial in the educational system in the Philippines.
Recommendations for improving education outcomes in education.
01:01:48
Linking data sets like the natat with identifiers such as learner reference numbers and national ID is suggested.
Increased budget allocations should focus on improving teaching quality and demonstrating outcomes per peso invested.
Enhancing the curriculum, boosting teacher training, addressing Human Resources shortfall, and tapping undergraduate students for non-teaching tasks are recommended.
Collaboration with international partners can inform local policy adaptations for advancing targets for gender equality, inclusiveness for disabilities, and social inclusion.
Recommendations for improving Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) include considering wrap-around costs like transportation, child care, and insurance to ensure persistence in the program.
01:05:05
Scholarships should account for these costs, and capacity of existing mechanisms like UNIFAST and UNI should be enhanced.
Interventions could be more targeted with a registry of youth needs and potential clientele.
Overall funding for TVET should be increased, possibly through public-private partnerships.
Creating a labor market information system and implementing targeted programs like scholarships and financial aid can enhance access to post-secondary education for vulnerable groups.
Emphasis on Strengthening Lifelong Learning and Upskilling Opportunities in the Philippines.
01:08:12
Developing a policy research agenda for measuring and reporting higher education outcomes, focusing on graduates' job performance and relevance.
Highlighting the importance of private sector involvement in curriculum development to meet economic needs.
Collaboration between local government units and higher education institutions is crucial for sharing data on priority jobs and growth sectors.
Budget challenges and educational indicators show underfunding in the education sector.
Discussion on lack of inclusive education in the Philippines and the importance of long-term planning in education.
01:11:47
Emphasis on the significance of data governance and evidence in addressing education quality and monitoring SDGs.
Highlighting the role of Edcom 2 in assessing the education sector and releasing a year one report based on thorough research and site visits.
Importance of sharing findings and recommendations with Congress for strategic improvements in education.
The issue of teacher workload and the need for additional resources to support teachers in focusing on teaching.
01:15:16
Efforts to reduce administrative tasks have not alleviated the heavy burden on teachers.
Updating staffing standards and ensuring a fair allocation of support staff across schools is crucial.
A technical group has been formed with representatives from various education departments to address staffing concerns.
The group aims to provide necessary resources to support teachers and improve classroom teaching conditions.
Challenges and lack of popularity surrounding enterprise-based training (EBT).
01:19:10
Industry engagement is crucial in developing competency standards and guidelines on EBT.
Lack of understanding and awareness of EBT guidelines and incentives for engagement are significant obstacles.
Specific models like Poland's continuous improvement efforts and Estonia's Excellence model are mentioned for further exploration.
EBT is effective in providing skills and ensuring better labor market outcomes.
Research on high-level mechanisms and alignment in the education sector.
01:23:06
Misalignments in accountability frameworks and oversight lead to lack of unity in the sector.
Various agencies and groups within the sector are not acting as a cohesive system.
Investment in the education workforce and better data governance is emphasized in the report.
An open data policy with a focus on anonymized student-level data for research and tracking purposes is recommended.
Addressing staffing issues and lack of programs in the educational sector in the Philippines.
01:26:34
Emphasizing the importance of capacitating the education sector on assessment and data literacy.
Highlighting the crucial role of data governance frameworks for effective data management.
Emphasizing the need for networks of intermediaries for evidence-based policy making and research.
Encouraging executive agencies and implementers to use data to design interventions and solve the learning crisis.
Dr. Samuel Soliven's leadership in developing the K-12 curriculum and advocating for STEM education.
01:31:23
Dr. Soliven mentors graduate students and balances family life while receiving national awards and being elected chairman of the governing board for the Southeast Asian Ministers of Education organization.
The Philippines' commitment to achieving UN sustainable development goals, especially in basic education.
The K-12 system serves 28 million learners from kindergarten to grade 12, with a focus on improving education quality through initiatives like the EdCom report.
Overview of national approach to education in the Philippines.
01:34:31
Discussion on delivering quality education and addressing challenges, with a focus on SDG4 indicators.
Emphasis on inclusive and equitable learning opportunities, covering learning outcomes, enrollment rates, cohort survival rates, and completion rates.
Exploration of international assessments such as Pisa and grade-level performance in science and math.
Importance of mapping out indicators and meeting goals set by SDG4 for quality education.
Performance of 15-year-old learners in PISA assessment.
01:41:03
Learners performed poorly in Reading, Science, and Math literacy, according to a report by the vice president and secretary Sara Duterte.
Positive correlation between national test results and international assessments.
Slight improvement in the rank of learners in PISA from 2018 to 2022, with some improvements in reading and math.
PISA assesses learners on six proficiency levels, with level two considered the minimum proficiency level.
Vice President's interventions during the pandemic focused on improving learner performance and addressing high learning poverty rates.
01:44:19
Emphasis was placed on national efforts to enhance literacy and learning outcomes.
Education indicators were aligned with SDG goals 4.1, 4.2, and 4.3.
Progress post the 2023 basic education report was shown through mapping Department of Education data.
The Vice President's interventions led to the introduction of policy Deb and Order 13 series of 2023.
The national learning recovery program in the Philippines focuses on aligning curriculum, promoting learner well-being, and supporting teachers.
01:51:07
The Department of Education is aligning commitments to UN targets for education to improve the quality of education in the country.
The Matatag curriculum, launched on August 10, 2023, aims to provide relevant education for active and responsible citizens.
The curriculum includes content and performance standards to ensure students are prepared for the future.
Review and Revision of Senior High School Standards and Learning Outcomes.
01:51:30
Implementation of senior high school curriculum to offer students a choice between different curriculum tracks.
Importance of partnerships with organizations like TESDA, CHED, PRC, and Civil Service Commission highlighted for program success.
Emphasis on engaging industry partners to provide work immersion opportunities for TVL learners.
Focus on improving the quality of education by supporting teachers beyond monetary compensation.
Changes in Education System to Enhance Teaching and Learning.
01:57:30
The Department of Education is removing administrative tasks from teachers to focus on teaching and learning directly.
Child protection and safeguarding policies are being implemented to address bullying and ensure safe learning environments.
The National Learning Camp program involves volunteer teachers and learners improving skills in science, math, and reading, with plans for future implementations.
The program aims to enhance individuality and uniqueness in learners through tailored projects and services.
National Reading Program aims to improve reading literacy for learners and address challenges from Edcom 2 report.
02:00:37
Catch-up Fridays are dedicated to reading in English and Filipino, along with values education.
Emphasis on promoting foreign languages like French, Spanish, German, and Korean, even in lower grades.
Department of Education's commitments highlighted, calling for a unified effort to enhance learner capabilities for future leadership roles.
Goal is to prepare students to take over positions as they age and retire.
Importance of Mapping Indicators and Collaboration in Education
02:03:55
The segment emphasizes the mapping of indicators in the Department of Education and collaboration with the Department of Labor.
Addressing Past Mistakes for Quality Education
It stresses the importance of acknowledging and learning from past mistakes to improve the quality of education.
Listening to Data and Curriculum Improvement
Efforts to listen attentively to data and enhance the curriculum are highlighted as essential for achieving quality education.
Importance of early reading for quality education.
02:08:22
Lack of improvement in reading skills and its impact on performance in other subjects.
Concerns about dropout rates in public school systems.
Addressing fundamental gaps in education to prevent future dropouts or learning delays.
Importance of Investing in Early Childhood Education
02:10:51
Grades 1 to 4 are critical in preventing student dropouts and addressing underperformance in math and science.
Coordination among different agencies in the education system is essential to improve governance and avoid past mistakes.
Education is cumulative and interconnected, highlighting the need for a holistic approach.
Lack of coordination in the education system is compared to 'herding cats' and contributes to current problems in the Philippines.
Importance of streamlining coordinating agencies in educational programs evaluation.
02:12:57
Emphasizing the significance of Teacher Education Council, ECCD Council, DSWD, and UNIFAST Board in ensuring quality education.
Concerns raised about incomplete education levels in the labor force.
Emphasis on addressing skill gaps in the labor market for a more effective educational system.
Lack of interest in secondary education leading to poor grades and college readiness.
02:16:52
Importance of improving reading skills to address the issue.
Emphasis on evaluating the implementation of Senior High School curriculum by DepEd.
Significance of data, evidence, and research in suggesting solutions and monitoring interventions for literacy and numeracy outcomes.
Focus on radical approaches to address functional literacy and numeracy as key priorities.
Importance of reading comprehension skills for secondary school students in math and science.
02:19:50
Emphasis on evidence-based research and stakeholder engagement for successful implementation of senior high school curriculum.
Plans to pilot and finalize the matatag curriculum by 2025, with a focus on consolidating evidence for revision.
Concerns about insufficient investments in education, particularly in public funding, calling for increased focus on educational investments.
Importance of Private Investment in Education
02:24:59
Private investment in education plays a significant role, with a threshold of $75,000 per capita spending in basic education explaining 20% of the variation in Pisa scores.
Need for Aligning Budget with Educational Targets
There is a need to align the budget with educational targets and ensure proper investment is made in education.
Empowering Local Governments for Education Funding
Local governments should increase spending from their special education fund, as historically they only allocate 5% of education spending, despite having the capacity to contribute more.
Accountability and Decentralization Efforts
Empowering LGUs to spend and be accountable for education outcomes is crucial for further funding and decentralization efforts.
Inequities in education governance in the Philippines lead to disparities in funding between urbanized cities and poor municipalities.
02:28:15
The special education fund is manipulated by local governments for political purposes, impacting teacher hiring.
Local executives require education on tools and policies to enhance education outcomes.
Increased spending on education is necessary, with reference to countries like Vietnam.
Principals face challenges in funding basic needs for schools, affecting student progress and shifting focus away from student advancement.
Inclusive learning environments are crucial for student well-being and future success.
Devolving accountabilities and responsibilities in education to local executives.
02:30:52
Emphasis on transparency and performance reporting to improve schools and address gaps.
Connection between accountability and responsibility at community levels.
Debate on spending in education, particularly on teacher salaries and budget allocation.
Consideration of prioritizing spending on education, social protection, or infrastructure investments.
Accountability in education leadership and the current crisis.
02:33:37
Importance of holding leaders accountable and improving training and recruitment processes for teachers.
Impact of teachers migrating abroad and the loss of brain power in the educational system.
Need for improved literacy skills and digital preparedness among young learners to address challenges effectively.
Challenges faced by teachers in the educational system and efforts to address them.
02:37:44
Administrative tasks are taking away time from teaching.
Quality of education is directly impacted by the quality of teachers.
Policies are being implemented to ensure teachers have time for rest and family.
Initiatives are being undertaken to reduce the number of teachers leaving the profession.
Importance of investing in teachers' futures to retain them in the education system.
02:41:42
Need for providing learning materials and instructional support for effective teaching.
Significance of addressing teacher welfare, career advancement, and necessary support.
Creating an enabling environment for educators to enhance teacher retention.
Focus on meeting professional needs and ensuring job satisfaction for teachers.
Importance of data and evidence in education policymaking.
02:45:10
Collaboration and substantial public investments in education are essential.
Researchers should partner with organizations like edcom for research studies.
Focus on creating a better learning environment to improve education quality.
Collaboration among agencies and sharing of data are crucial for effective policymaking and research.
Importance of resources and teachers in creating a conducive learning environment, emphasizing teachers' impact on students' lives.
02:47:06
Addressing the issue of hungry students affecting their ability to learn.
Emphasizing the need for collaboration to ensure a better future.
Announcement of winners for a raffle with gratitude to attendees.
Coordinating prize claims for winners and expressing appreciation to panelists and presenters.
Encouraging feedback submission for webinar improvement and e-certificate issuance for participation.
Emphasis on collaboration and gratitude towards various organizations for joining the event.
02:51:18
Highlighting the importance of a multifaceted approach to ensure access to education for all.
Encouragement to work together to provide opportunities for learning, growth, and thriving for everyone.
Concluding with thanks, goodbyes, and well wishes for a pleasant day ahead.