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T-Minus Overview- Spaceports

N2K Networks2024-02-07
75 views|5 months ago
💫 Short Summary

Overview of Spaceports in the United States: This video features discussions with Pam Underwood from the FAA Office of Spaceports and Scott McLaughlin from Spaceport America about the development and significance of spaceports in the United States. They discuss the regulatory role of the FAA in commercial space transportation, the need for various types of spaceports to cater to different launch requirements, and the growing importance of spaceports in supporting the expanding commercial space industry. Spaceport America's executive director, Scott McLaughlin, discusses the regulations and licensing process for spaceports, as well as the economic impact of the spaceport in New Mexico, including the number of jobs created and the value added to the economy. Virgin Galactic's increasing flight cadence is expected to have a significant impact on Spaceport America, with plans to increase their cadence to potentially once a week by 2025-2026, and the potential development of an aerospace ecosystem in the area. Meanwhile, the Maine Space Complex aims to establish a Spaceport in Maine, focus on analytics, and create an Innovation Hub to drive the state's space industry. Maine is developing a spaceport with sustainability as a key value, receiving funding from the Department of Commerce and local organizations. The public reaction has been generally positive, but there are concerns and pushback from anti-nuclear protesters and misinformation about the ultimate ownership of the spaceport.

✨ Highlights
📊 Transcript
Introduction to Spaceport America and the role of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) in regulating commercial space transportation.
00:00
Spaceport America is the first purpose-built commercial spaceport in New Mexico.
The FAA Office of Commercial Space Transportation regulates the safety of launch and re-entry and the operation of spaceports.
The FAA only regulates commercial space transportation, not launches by and for the government.
Spaceport is a slang term for launcher re-entry site
08:00
The official term for spaceport is launcher re-entry site, but it is commonly referred to as spaceport in the industry.
The FAA issues launch site operator licenses or re-entry site operator licenses, and they use the term spaceport on their map.
Licensing requirements for spaceports
09:00
Spaceports have to meet requirements for controlling public access and ensuring safety.
They have to undergo environmental assessment and review for potential impacts.
A launch site safety assessment is also required to demonstrate compliance with FAA safety requirements.
Economic impact of Spaceport America
11:00
The 2022 report estimated 811 jobs created by the spaceport, with a total value added of 60 million.
Direct, indirect, and induced jobs contribute to the economic impact.
The spaceport's executive director sees the report as a validation of their impact, but also a cautionary tale for the lengthy and challenging process of building and operating a commercial spaceport.
Future impact of increased Cadence by Virgin Galactic
15:00
The increased Cadence by Virgin Galactic will be interesting to see in next year's report.
The interviewer is curious to hear about the impact of Virgin Galactic's increased activity at Spaceport America.
Virgin Galactic's increasing flight cadence is expected to have a significant impact on Spaceport America and the surrounding aerospace ecosystem.
15:00
Virgin Galactic aims to increase their flight cadence to more than once a month by 2025-2026.
Spaceport America hosts other customers, including those for months at a time and the annual Spaceport America Cup.
The goal is to build a complete aerospace ecosystem, known as space Valley, in the area.
Spaceport America in New Mexico is uniquely positioned to become a hub for aerospace activities due to its location and existing aerospace infrastructure.
16:00
New Mexico has great universities and existing aerospace activities from the federal government, such as the Air Force research lab and DOE Laboratories.
Spaceport America can accommodate vertical and horizontal launches, with plans for receiving vehicles coming back from space.
There is potential for space tourism, mining in space, and increased cargo transport to and from space in the future.
Maine's vision for the main space complex is to take advantage of its strategic geographic location for launch, establish a spaceport, develop analytics for satellite data, and create an innovation hub for R&D in the space industry.
19:00
Maine's location over the Eastern seaboard makes it an excellent place to launch into Polar orbit.
The main space complex has three focus areas: launch services, analytics for satellite data, and an innovation hub for R&D.
The initiative started in 2017, with a feasibility study in 2019 to assess industry demand and plan for the spaceport's business and strategic objectives.
Maine has passed legislation to create a public-private partnership for the space complex.
Maine is establishing a space complex, with funding from the Department of Commerce, Maine Technology Institute, and the Maine Space Grant Consortium.
23:00
Maine has received funding for the initial studies of the space complex from the Department of Commerce, Maine Technology Institute, and the Maine Space Grant Consortium.
There has been positive public reaction to the space complex, with a focus on sustainability and safety. However, there are some dissenters, particularly anti-nuclear protesters.
06:24:00
The public is largely supportive and excited about the space complex.
Maine wants the space complex to represent sustainability and prioritize safe development and operation.
Some dissenting voices, particularly anti-nuclear protesters, have emerged, suggesting a shift in the perception of space from the 1960s and 70s.
Maine is focused on the commercial sector of space, with concerns about misinformation and conspiracy theories regarding ownership.
24:29:00
Maine's focus is on the commercial sector of space, with the government still playing a significant role.
There are concerns and misinformation regarding the government military complex's potential takeover, despite the emphasis on the commercial sector.
Maine is reaching out to engage with environmental groups and communities in the process of establishing a spaceport.
The role of spaceports and their impact on society in the coming years is still not fully understood.
26:42:00
The potential impact of spaceports on society is a topic that has not been fully explored.
More engagement with the Northern Maine communities is planned to determine potential sites for the spaceport.
💫 FAQs about This YouTube Video

1. What is the role of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) in regulating the commercial space transportation industry?

The FAA's role is to regulate the safety of launch and re-entry and the operation of spaceports for the commercial space transportation industry.

2. How many FAA licensed spaceports are there in the United States?

There are 14 FAA licensed spaceports in the United States, located in various states including Florida, Virginia, Colorado, Oklahoma, California, Texas, and New Mexico.

3. What are the different types of spaceports based on launch methods?

Spaceports can be classified into horizontal launch and vertical launch based on the methods of launching vehicles. Horizontal launches are like airplanes taking off and landing on a runway, while vertical launches involve the vehicle's pointy end going up with flames coming out the bottom.

4. What factors contribute to the need for more spaceports in the United States?

The need for more spaceports is driven by the industry's capabilities and the desire to provide more options and convenience for space launches, rather than a specific number of spaceports. It is important to consider the capabilities and the ability to support a wide range of activities beyond just the launch.

5. How is a spaceport defined in the context of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) regulations?

The term 'spaceport' is used as a generic term that refers to both launch and re-entry sites, which are defined as such in the FAA regulations. While the FAA did not originally define the term 'spaceport', it has been officially recognized in the 2018 FAA reauthorization act.

6. What are the requirements for licensing a spaceport?

Spaceports have to meet requirements such as control of public access, environmental assessment, and launch site safety assessment to demonstrate compliance with regulations and obtain a license from the FAA.

7. What is the economic impact of Spaceport America?

Spaceport America has had a significant economic impact on the state, creating 811 jobs and adding $60 million to the economy in 2022.

8. Who is the primary customer of Spaceport America?

Virgin Galactic is mentioned as the primary customer of Spaceport America.

9. What is the expected impact of Virgin Galactic's increasing flight cadence on Spaceport America?

Virgin Galactic's increasing flight cadence is expected to have a significant impact on Spaceport America, with the potential for more frequent launches and the development of an aerospace ecosystem in the area.

10. How is Spaceport America planning to build an aerospace ecosystem in the area?

Spaceport America is focused on building an aerospace ecosystem in the area by capitalizing on the natural geographic location and collaborating with universities and federal agencies to create a complete aerospace ecosystem, also known as 'Space Valley'.

11. What are the key features of the Maine Space Complex?

The Maine Space Complex is a three-legged stool focused on launch services, analytics, and innovation hub to support the development of the space industry in Maine.

12. What are the expected future developments at Spaceport America and the Maine Space Complex?

The future developments at Spaceport America include the potential for more frequent launches, the development of an aerospace ecosystem, and the introduction of new space-related activities. In Maine, the focus is on building a complete space industry with launch services, analytics, and innovation hub.

13. What is the main purpose of the space complex in Maine?

The main purpose of the space complex in Maine is to drive forward the strategic plan and to represent sustainability in space development and operation.

14. Who are the current contributors... the funding for the space complex in Maine?

The funding for the space complex in Maine has come from the Department of Commerce, the Maine Technology Institute, and the Maine Space Grant Consortium.

15. How has the public reacted to the space complex in Maine?

The public reaction has been extremely positive and supportive, with a focus on ensuring safe and sustainable space development.

16. What are the concerns and misinformation surrounding the space complex ownership?

There are concerns and misinformation about the ownership of the space complex, with some expressing fears of government or military control, despite the focus being on commercial development.

17. What is the importance of engaging with environmental groups in the establishment of the space complex?

Engaging with environmental groups is important for conducting environmental assessments and ensuring the sustainability of the space complex in Maine.