00:00there is a method of learning that I've

00:02been using for years to force my brain

00:05to study even when I don't feel like it

00:08especially on days where I am feeling

00:10tired and burnt out it's called the

00:12ladder method I use this method to study

00:16learning science while working as a

00:19doctor full-time while running a

00:21business I also use this for my

00:23full-time Masters again while I was

00:24working full-time and I managed to

00:26graduate at the top of my cohort it's

00:28probably one of the most used useful

00:30techniques that I use on a daily basis

00:32anyone can use including you and I show

00:35you how it works on something like this

00:37beefy textbook but first we have to

00:41understand why we don't feel like

00:44learning in the first place and once you

00:47understand that the ladder method will

00:48make a lot of sense now there's a reason

00:51that we don't feel overwhelmed at the

00:53thought of tying our shoelaces or

00:55walking 20 steps but we might get

00:58overwhelmed at the thought of climing an

01:00entire Mountain even though walking a

01:03few steps and tying your shoes are the

01:05first steps of climbing a mountain

01:07what's happening is that our brain is

01:09making a judgment on how hard something

01:11is going to be and how much effort and

01:13energy it's going to require our brain

01:16uses a lot of energy it's the most

01:18energy consuming organ in our body

01:20consuming 20% of our resting energy so

01:23it is incredibly efficient at avoiding

01:26unnecessary energy intake now when it

01:29comes to study in one of the most energy

01:31consuming things that your brain has to

01:33do and therefore doesn't want to do is

01:36to organize information it's a crucial

01:40part of forming memory and developing

01:41understanding so here's how that works

01:43imagine these marbles represent new

01:46information each marble is a fact or

01:49concept that you need to learn and these

01:51cups represent how your brain is trying

01:54to organize it whenever you learn

01:57something new your brain has to look at

02:00understand it analyze it and make a

02:02decision about which cup it belongs in

02:05it looks at how similar it is to what is

02:08already inside these cups and it groups

02:11this information based on similarities

02:14and all of this thinking takes energy

02:17and we feel that as mental effort our

02:20brain is working and once it figures out

02:23where it belongs and then it organizes

02:26it then the mental effort goes down cuz

02:29it's stored away and this process

02:31repeats with the next piece of

02:33information it looks at makes a decision

02:36and then decides where we want to store

02:38it and then we repeat this process until

02:49complete so then what part of this makes

02:53our brain feel overwhelmed so that we

02:55don't feel like studying well imagine if

02:57I didn't have any cups at all

03:00now instead of picking up a piece of

03:03information looking at it and asking

03:05ourselves which Cup Does It Go in we

03:08have to ask ourselves how many cups do I

03:11need which cup should I get what are the

03:14alternative options what else do I need

03:16to put into this hypothetical cup and

03:19then what am I meant to do if uh a few

03:21more pieces of information later I

03:23realize that that was wrong after all I

03:26don't know what other options there are

03:28because I've only got this one piece of

03:30information to work with and trying to

03:33figure out all of that takes much more

03:37effort and energy which creates the I

03:40don't want to study feeling so there are

03:42three main ways that your brain uses

03:45lots of energy while learning first is

03:48to just understand what it is consuming

03:50reading listening to the second is to

03:53compare it with what you already know

03:57and then the third is to decide where

04:00it's going to put that information where

04:02does it belong based on how similar it

04:05is or how related it is to the things

04:07that you just compared it to and trying

04:09to do all three of these things at once

04:13while you're learning creates overwhelm

04:16and is going to be very daunting so what

04:18do we do instead so let's say that I

04:20want to study this chapter in this

04:22textbook immediately I look through this

04:26and I feel like man there's a lot to

04:28cover I feel like this going going to

04:29require a lot of work I'm getting

04:31overwhelmed and now I don't want to

04:33study this is where the ladder method

04:35comes in based on the ladder method we

04:36are going to be breaking up this topic

04:39this chapter based on different rungs of

04:42effort and each rung on the ladder is

04:46low effort so let me show you this

04:48here's what I'm doing during this I'm

04:50going through the textbook and I'm

04:51looking for the things that are low

04:54effort I'm saying what are the things

04:56that feel easy for me to understand that

04:58I can easy compare with the things that

05:01I already know and that I can easily

05:05think about and how the topic might be

05:07organized I'm also using some nonlinear

05:09note taking to track my thoughts which I

05:12talk about in some other videos I'm also

05:14highlighting the parts that I actually

05:16focused on just for you to be able to

05:17see at the end of this I wouldn't

05:19normally highlight anything when I'm

05:21doing this just a nonlinear notes is

05:22fine you'll be able to see that but I'm

05:24just trying to show you what I am

05:26focusing on and what I am either skim

05:28reading or just compl completely

05:30skipping because I think it would take

05:32too much effort to try to understand or

05:35compare or to organize by the way don't

05:37worry this is an old ass textbook uh

05:40with highlighting all over the place

05:42already uh I'm not ruining a new book

05:44okay so as you can see I have skipped

05:48basically you know like most things if

05:50you look at the parts that are

05:51highlighted most of it has been skipped

05:55you know it's pretty bare however I have

05:58managed to with just the parts that I

06:00focused on build a pretty decent

06:04scaffold for me to work off of and so

06:06this topic has become a little bit

06:08easier for me now than it would have

06:10been 10 15 minutes ago so if I'm really

06:13tired I can call that a day I can end on

06:16that rung or the ladder and I can pick

06:17up the second rung another day or if I

06:20want to I can just do the second rung

06:22now and on the second rung I'm going to

06:23do exactly the same thing I'm going to

06:25look for the things that feel easier and

06:28feel lower effort I'm going to build on

06:30my scaffold and build up on my knowledge

06:32but the difference is that it's going to

06:34take a little bit longer each successive

06:36rung on the ladder takes a little bit

06:38longer because now more things make

06:41sense to us than they did before and

06:43we're probably ready to go into a little

06:45bit more detail having said that it is

06:47still low effort because now I've

06:51established some of those major cups I

06:54need to fill so let's now do the second

07:40all righty and that was about 35 minutes

07:44that I spent on that so you can see the

07:46second rung took a little longer I was

07:47able to get through more detail what was

07:50surprising in a way is that the second

07:52rung when I went through it there wasn't

07:53a lot more stuff that I felt like I was

07:56going through but it was more like I was

07:58just going through the same ideas but

07:59deeper and really figuring it out and

08:02you can see that a lot of the time was

08:04spent on just organizing the information

08:06so you can see of the ways that our

08:07brain can use energy before I was using

08:10a lot of that energy on just trying to

08:12understand things and put things

08:14together in a very general rough way

08:16again just figuring out maybe how many

08:18cups I need roughly and in the second

08:21rung I'm now refining that I'm spending

08:23more of their energy not on just

08:25understanding but now really on just

08:27making sure those decisions and those

08:29compar are correct so same amount of

08:31effort just used in a different way

08:33depending on the rung now the third time

08:35I go through it should be enough to

08:37cover off this topic I'd be going

08:38through a little bit more of those

08:40details either adding them to my map or

08:41adding them to flash cards depending on

08:43the type of information most topics I

08:44find you generally can get through all

08:46of it in just three rungs of the ladder

08:49and so here's the secret as to why this

08:52technique works so well it's because

08:54each rung takes the same effort as the

08:58last rung and I'm splitting all the work

09:00that I need to do for this topic into

09:02each rung it makes every study session

09:05easy cuz we're just not letting

09:08ourselves spend time on things that are

09:10hard but also it gets easier the more

09:14you do it even though with each rung

09:16we're covering more content and more

09:19detail it's easier to make sense of it

09:22because our cups and our structure and

09:24our foundations are so strong the more

09:26you learn the easier it gets you can

09:29also the same approach for projects or

09:31assignments as well where you start with

09:33the easy high level planning first and

09:35you progressively get more and more

09:37detailed with each rung of the ladder

09:39now this is just one type of way that

09:42you can use the ladder method and there

09:44are so many other applications of this

09:46principle that I teach in my full guided

09:48program but for someone who has never

09:50tried studying like this it is a

09:52complete Game Changer by the way if you

09:54are interested in my program you can

09:56check out the link in the description

09:57there's this technique and dozens of

09:59other techniques that you can learn once

10:00you start using this ladder method a

10:02couple of times your brain will realize

10:05hey studying isn't that bad and it will

10:08make you less likely to put things off

10:10and less likely to procrastinate and

10:11although this technique is amazing there

10:14is a lot more to learning than just the

10:17latter method so make sure to check out

10:20this video next which YouTube thinks you

10:22will like and as we all know the YouTube

10:25algorithm knows us better than we know

10:28ourselves anyway thanks for watching and

10:31I'll see you in the next one