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Taiwan fashion history part 1-2

Zhao-hua Ho2023-04-19
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💫 Short Summary

The Dutch East India Company (VOC) traded in India for spices, silk, and more, colonized Taiwan, and established a Trading Post in Tainan City. They faced conflicts with indigenous tribes, introduced education and Christianity, and promoted economic development in Taiwan. The Dutch rule led to a boom in deer skin trade, and they were eventually expelled by Chinese forces. The Dutch also traded with Japan, leading to conflicts over deerskin. Taiwan was placed under Qing government administration, and the deerskin trade continued to be significant in Japan.

✨ Highlights
📊 Transcript
Dutch East India Company (VOC) trading activities in Asia.
03:10
VOC traded spices, silk, cotton, opium, and porcelain in India.
Dutch colonization of Taiwan from 1624 to 1662 led to changes in the indigenous population.
VOC faced resistance in establishing trade routes in China and retreated to Taiwan.
Fort Zealandia in Taiwan became an important international business center in the 17th century.
The establishment of Fort Zealandia in Taiwan by the Dutch Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie with the goal of spreading Christianity and education to the indigenous people.
04:19
Robert Junius, a Dutch Reformed Church missionary, was a key figure during the Dutch colonial era in Taiwan.
Conflict arose between the Dutch and indigenous tribes, resulting in a short punitive war and casualties on both sides.
The Senkong manuscripts were introduced, offering valuable insights into Taiwanese history and culture, although only understood by a few scholars.
Establishment of the first school in Formosa in 1636 by Junius.
08:02
Junius taught 70 boys their mother tongue in Roman letters and oversaw numerous baptisms until late 1643.
Dutch missionary Daniel Gravius translated Christian texts into the Soraya language and introduced the concept of draft livestock to the Aborigines.
Gravius' linguistic work helped shed light on the Soraya culture and aided in reconstructing the almost lost Soraya language.
The Dutch presence in Taiwan included VOC merchants and a slave depicted in a painting symbolizing status.
Dutch colonization of Taiwan in the 17th century.
12:18
The Dutch built forts and converted Aborigines to Christianity in Northern Taiwan.
Dutch rule brought economic development through hunting, rice cultivation, and tea trade with China.
The Dutch were the first to commercially trade tea with China, but were later overtaken by the English East India Company.
Chinese forces expelled the Dutch, leading to a surge in Chinese immigration to Taiwan and a boom in deer skin trade with Tokugawa Japan.
The significance of the deerskin trade between Taiwan, China, and Japan in the 17th century.
15:04
Dutch East India Company traded Indonesian spices for Taiwanese deerskins due to the unpopularity of European coinage in Asia.
Taiwan came under Qing government administration in 1683, with Chinese immigrants from Fujian and Canton cultivating rice and sugarcane fields.
Aboriginal people in Taiwan hunted deer using various methods and utilized deerskins for food, clothing, penance, and gifts.
Europeans viewed the Pingpu people as healthy because of their diet rich in animal protein, leading to a significant monopoly by the Dutch on deerskin exports to Taiwan.
Deerskin trade impact in Japan and Dutch trade expansion.
21:49
Deerskin was popular for samurai armor and slippers, causing environmental conflict.
Dutch initially had limited trade with Japan but engaged in private trade in Nagasaki.
Dutch East India Company searched for alternative deerskin sources in Phnom Penh, leading to conflict with the Cambodian King.
Deerskin was in high demand in Japan, particularly for samurai culture, while the Dutch also traded sugar with Southern China and Japan, with Taiwan emerging as a major sugar exporter.
Clothing in Taiwan during the Dutch and Ming Jing's Chinese era was influenced by the late Ming Dynasty in China.
22:15
The Han people predominantly wore gowns, skirts, short jackets, and armor.
Han people's clothing was mainly imported from China, with selected individuals negotiating with the Dutch East India Company.
The Dutch rulers of Taiwan were primarily Dutch, restricting common people from wearing boots and allowing only cloth shoes.