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Taiwan Fashion History 2 1 Qing Era media

Zhao-hua Ho2023-04-26
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💫 Short Summary

During the Qing Dynasty, Taiwan was ruled with strict regulations on migration and population control. Events like the American shipwreck in 1867 and the Japanese punitive expedition in 1874 shaped Taiwan's history. Governor Liu Ming Chuan initiated modernization efforts but faced challenges. The construction of key infrastructure like the Taiwan Railway began in the late 1800s. Missionaries like Hugh Richie and Pastor Buckley played significant roles during this time. The segment also discusses the clothing and lifestyle of different groups in Taiwan in the early 1900s, highlighting cultural norms and fashion trends.

✨ Highlights
📊 Transcript
Overview of Taiwan under Qing Dynasty rule.
00:49
Implementation of regulations like the permit system to control population growth and migration.
Restrictions on migration to Taiwan gradually relaxed over time.
Expansion in Taiwan as a reaction to crises, such as the 1867 incident involving an American merchant ship crew.
The significance of the camphor industry in 19th century Taiwan.
04:15
The American vessel Rover shipwrecked in southern Taiwan in 1867, leading to the massacre of survivors by indigenous tribes.
A U.S. military expedition against Southern Taiwanese tribes ensued after the massacre.
A non-belligerence pact was eventually signed between Lujendra and Schwuchidu, marking Taiwan's first international diplomatic contract.
Camphor forests in Taiwan were exported for various uses, including as a raw material for gunpowder, highlighting the importance of camphor in international trade.
Events in Taiwan in the late 19th century.
07:59
The 1874 Taiwan Expedition was in response to the murder of Ryukuan sailors by Taiwan Aborigines.
Japanese forces attacked indigenous Taiwanese peoples but retreated after a payment from the Qing Dynasty.
Japan intervened on behalf of the Kingdom of Ryukyu and later annexed it in 1879.
The Battle of Tamsui in 1884 was a significant French defeat by the Qing Dynasty during the Sino-French War, allowing France to expand its influence in Asia.
Taiwan's history highlights French occupation, Qing Court's focus, Governor Liu Ming Chuan's efforts, and Taiwan's declaration as a province of China in 1887.
11:45
Governor Liu Ming Chuan initiated modernization efforts, proposed moving the capital to Taichung, but faced cost overruns.
The Sino-Japanese War in 1890 halted modernization efforts, including the construction of Zealandia Castle built by Dutch rulers.
Qing Dynasty's administrative center shifted to Taiwan, with British bombardment in 1868 leading to castle destruction.
Governor Lou Ming Tuan's modernization efforts included port opening, customs setup, and beautification projects.
History of chief envoys and political envoys in Taiwan during late 1800s and early 1900s.
15:46
Establishment of administrative agencies, governor's offices, and transformation of historical sites into modern structures like Taipei City Hall.
Preservation of the original appearance of Tainan City.
Evolution of Taipei City's gates and walls over time.
Insights into the cultural and architectural heritage of Taiwan's key cities during different historical periods.
Historical development of Taiwan's provincial capital and key landmarks.
21:52
Construction of the provincial capital began in 1889 before being moved to Taipei.
The Battle of the British and French Allied Forces in 1860 opened up coastal ports in Taiwan.
Governor Lou Ming Chuan initiated the construction of the Taiwan Railway in 1887.
Despite financial difficulties, railway sections were opened for traffic in 1891 and 1893.
Missionary work and education in Taiwan during the early 20th century.
22:18
The Fongshan River Bridge collapsed, disrupting railway traffic between Fengshenzaki and Shinchu station.
The bridge was rebuilt multiple times, now in its fourth generation, based on historical photos showing workers repairing it.
Hugh Richie and Pastor Buckley were influential British missionaries in Taiwan during this time.
Lee Soon, a missionary, faced challenges but made significant contributions before passing away young.
Impactful actions of Pastor Buckley during the Japanese Army's presence in Taiwan in 1895.
25:54
Buckley negotiated peacefully and changed military plans to end the incident without violence.
Thomas Barkley, a missionary and language expert, arrived in Taiwan in 1875, preaching and founding the Tainan Theological Seminary.
History of Dagu Foreigner Cemetery in Taiwan, including the burial of Claude Chamberlain in 1886.
Significance of buffaloes in Taiwan's agricultural development and farmers' deep affection for them.
Clothing and Lifestyle in Taiwan in the Early 1900s.
30:05
The video highlights the differences between Grassroots and Ping poo people in Taiwan.
It discusses the clothing styles of men and women, such as head scarves and traditional Chinese skirts.
The segment mentions the practice of bound foot shoes for women and the embroidery process.
It describes the attire of wealthy women and official wives, offering insights into cultural and social norms of the era.
Traditional clothing and accessories worn by Taiwanese people in the early 1900s are discussed in the video segment.
33:30
The segment provides details about hair accessories, skirts, and pants, highlighting fashion trends like degention and horse-faced skirts.
Specific individuals like Hong Lan, a calligrapher and poet, are mentioned, along with images of different family groups in traditional attire.
The significance of certain clothing choices, such as the fenguancio p attire worn by wealthy women during marriage ceremonies, is touched upon to display status and glory.