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Qing Taiwan fashion- media

Zhao-hua Ho2023-05-01
911 views|1 years ago
💫 Short Summary

The video discusses the history of Taiwan, including the Dutch and Spanish settlements, the Qing Empire's annexation, Han Chinese immigration, textile trade with Mainland China, the evolution of Taiwanese identity, and the cultural practices of the Hakka people during different historical periods, including the Japanese Occupation.

✨ Highlights
📊 Transcript
History of Taiwan colonization by Dutch, Spanish, and Qing Empire.
03:26
Dutch defeated by Coxinga in 1662; Taiwan annexed by Qing Empire in 1684.
Taiwan became a separate province in 1885; Han Chinese faced attacks by Aborigines.
Policies encouraged agriculture and colonization by Han people; women began immigrating in 1646.
Population of Han Chinese grew significantly after 1659; Chinese regimes controlled Taiwan for over 200 years.
Textile trade between Taiwan and Mainland China involved exchange of agricultural products for necessities.
04:19
British and Japanese textiles dominated the market, leading to economic disparities between Northern and Southern Taiwan.
Northern Market thrived due to tea industry expansion, while Southern Market suffered from declining sugar exports.
Taiwanese businessmen formed trade associations to protect their interests and avoid competition.
Gangs like Heng Jiao merchants were common in the textile trade, with a history dating back to the Qing Dynasty.
History of Ethnic Groups in Taiwan
08:30
The segment explores the migration of Han people to Taiwan from the 17th century.
Scholars debate the origins of Hakka and Hoklo people, some claiming common ancestry while others suggest distinct origins.
Significant waves of Han immigration to Taiwan are discussed, along with linguistic diversity among the population.
Intermarriages are noted to blur traditional distinctions between different Han groups, impacting the evolution of Taiwanese identity.
Overview of the Hakka people, a subgroup of Han Chinese with origins in Southeastern China.
12:11
Many Taiwanese people are descendants of Hakka immigrants, contributing to the diverse population in Taiwan.
The early Han Chinese society in Taiwan was mainly immigrant-based, with most immigrants coming from South China.
During the Qing Dynasty, men in Taiwan shaved their hair and kept braids, while women wore shirts and skirts with embroidered lace.
Taiwan's textile industry was underdeveloped, resulting in the import of clothing fabrics from the mainland.
Influence of Japanese fabrics during the Occupation period in Taiwan.
15:13
Fabrics from Japan replaced mainland China as the main supplier in Taiwan.
Hakka people's clothing style similar to southern China, with men wearing robes and casual clothes, and women wearing shirts and skirts.
Local characteristics in color preferences and decorative styles in clothing, with flower patterns popular in Lukang.
Women in the past dressed up when entering temples to worship, often wearing flowers in their hair for symbolic significance.