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Baker v. Carr, EXPLAINED [AP Gov Required Supreme Court Cases]

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💫 Short Summary

Baker v. Carr (1962) was a Supreme Court case that established the principle of one-person, one-vote, requiring states to apportion representatives in a way that equally represented all citizens. This decision fundamentally altered political representation in the United States and allowed the Supreme Court to get involved in political questions like redistricting. The case also established a six-part test to determine when an issue was justiciable and should be considered by the court. Ultimately, Baker v. Carr had significant implications for voting rights and representation in the United States.

✨ Highlights
📊 Transcript
Baker v. Carr was a Supreme Court case decided in 1962 that addressed the issue of legislative redistricting in Tennessee.
00:00
Tennessee had not redrawn its legislative districts in over 60 years, leading to unequal voting power between urban and rural populations.
The Supreme Court had previously ruled that redistricting questions were not justiciable, or within the court's authority to rule on.
The constitutional principle at stake was the 14th Amendment's equal protection clause, which prohibits states from denying equal protection of the laws to any person within its jurisdiction.
The Supreme Court's decision in Baker v. Carr established the one-person, one-vote doctrine and allowed the Court to rule on legislative reapportionment.
01:40
The Court ruled that issues of reapportionment were justiciable, allowing them to intervene in ensuring equal representation.
This decision fundamentally altered political representation in the United States, leading to redrawing of districts to ensure equal voting power.
The Court established a six-part test to determine when an issue is political and should be avoided or justiciable and should be considered.
💫 FAQs about This YouTube Video

1. What was the main issue in the Baker v. Carr case?

The main issue in the Baker v. Carr case was the unequal representation of urban and rural populations in Tennessee's legislative districts, leading to a violation of the 14th Amendment's Equal Protection Clause.

2. What was the significance of the Baker v. Carr decision?

The significance of the Baker v. Carr decision was the establishment of the one-person, one-vote doctrine, the fundamental alteration of political representation in the United States, and the increased involvement of the Supreme Court in political questions like redistricting.

3. How did the Baker v. Carr decision impact legislative redistricting?

The Baker v. Carr decision led to the requirement of states to apportion representatives in a way that equally represented all people, ensuring that no votes counted more than others. It also resulted in the redrawing of legislative districts in many states to prevent unequal representation of urban and rural populations.

4. What constitutional principle was at stake in the Baker v. Carr case?

The constitutional principle at stake in the Baker v. Carr case was the 14th Amendment's Equal Protection Clause, which prohibits states from denying any person within their jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. The case addressed the issue of unequal representation violating this constitutional principle.

5. How did the Baker v. Carr decision impact the Supreme Court's involvement in political questions?

The Baker v. Carr decision increased the Supreme Court's involvement in political questions like redistricting, but it also established a framework to determine when an issue was justiciable and should be considered by the Court, leading to a more structured approach to the Court's involvement in political matters.