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【1080P Chi-Eng Sub】第二集:中华先祖【中国通史 | China History】

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💫 Short Summary

The video explores the ancient Nihewan region in China, highlighting significant archaeological discoveries like stone tools and mammoth bones. It discusses human evolution from Australopithecus to Homo erectus, emphasizing adaptations for survival and tool usage. The discovery of Homo erectus Yuanmouensis fossils sheds light on human evolution in China. The use of fire marked a significant leap in human evolution, enabling control over the environment and societal advancements. The excavation at Chongzuo Guangxi challenges migration theories, showcasing continuous evolution of Chinese hominins. The video concludes with insights into early human culture and social organization in China.

✨ Highlights
📊 Transcript
Archaeological discoveries in the ancient Nihewan region of China reveal early human presence.
Stone tools and mammoth bones with signs of human butchery suggest ancient human activity in the area.
Despite the absence of hominid fossils, ancient texts like Shanhaijin provide mythical explanations for human origins.
Shanhaijin stories attribute human creation to a deity forming humans from mud.
The combination of archaeological findings and mythical narratives creates a complex and mysterious account of China's ancient history.
The transition to walking upright allowed for the liberation and differentiation of limbs, leading to the development of tools, language, and civilization.
Walking upright provided a better view, increased hunting capabilities, and improved survivability.
Longer and skinnier legs were a crucial adaptation for our ancestors' success.
Labor played a significant role in the evolution of limbs and the resilience of the spine, preventing brain damage during movement.
Discovery of Homo erectus Yuanmouensis fossils in China.
The fossils were found in 1965 by geologists, leading to further excavations uncovering stone tools and evidence of human-like behavior.
The fossils were dated to the Late Early Pleistocene, around 1.7 million years ago, making them the oldest human fossils in China.
Homo erectus had developed brains and increased wisdom compared to earlier hominids, adapting to survive in challenging environments through tool usage and migration.
Evolution of Homo erectus pekinensis through hunting and tool use.
Fossils and stone objects in China dated back to 1-2 million years ago, showcasing early human activities.
Unique features of the pekinensis skull compared to modern humans, with smaller brain size but similar limb structure.
Early humans used tools and stone products, demonstrating technological evolution and specialization.
The ability to create and utilize tools distinguished humans and allowed them to dominate the planet.
The importance of fire in human evolution.
Fire allowed Homo erectus to control their environment, providing warmth and protection from predators.
Cooking with fire improved digestion and brain development.
The routine use of fire led to advancements in tool technology and societal organization.
This period, 40-50 thousand years ago, saw significant improvements in stone object production.
Discovery of Lower Jawbone at Chongzuo Guangxi
The lower jawbone found at Chongzuo Guangxi dates back to around 110,000 years ago, challenging the theory of East Asian human migration from Africa 60,000 years ago.
Fossils found in Zhiren Cave of Chongzuo suggest continuous evolution of Chinese hominins, with modern humans appearing in China 100,000 years ago.
The evolution from archaic humans to Homo sapiens in China occurred around 40-50,000 years ago, leading to the formation of modern human body characteristics.
Shandingdong man lived in dense forests and prairies, hunting rabbits and Peking chitals.
Population grew due to new hunting targets.
Advancements in technology and tools improved hunting and gathering capabilities.
Discovery of spicules with grinding techniques suggests clothing production.
Decorations like stone beads and shell ornaments indicate a desire for a better life.
The significance of burial practices in Chinese history.
The development of family graves and social organizations such as clan communes.
China's historical span from Inner Mongolia to Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau.
The use of stone tools by early humans in China.
The presence of various hominid species like Nihewan homo and Pekinensis in China's history.